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Aliases for NPY Gene

Aliases for NPY Gene

  • Neuropeptide Y 2 3 5
  • Prepro-Neuropeptide Y 2 3
  • Pro-Neuropeptide Y 3
  • PYY4 3

External Ids for NPY Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NPY Gene

  • GC07P023966
  • GC07P024032
  • GC07P024066
  • GC07P024097

Summaries for NPY Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NPY Gene

  • This gene encodes a neuropeptide that is widely expressed in the central nervous system and influences many physiological processes, including cortical excitability, stress response, food intake, circadian rhythms, and cardiovascular function. The neuropeptide functions through G protein-coupled receptors to inhibit adenylyl cyclase, activate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), regulate intracellular calcium levels, and activate potassium channels. A polymorphism in this gene resulting in a change of leucine 7 to proline in the signal peptide is associated with elevated cholesterol levels, higher alcohol consumption, and may be a risk factor for various metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. The protein also exhibits antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

GeneCards Summary for NPY Gene

NPY (Neuropeptide Y) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NPY include Autonomic Neuropathy and Breath-Holding Spells. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and cAMP signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and hormone activity. An important paralog of this gene is PYY.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NPY Gene

  • NPY is implicated in the control of feeding and in secretion of gonadotrophin-release hormone.

Tocris Summary for NPY Gene

  • Neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors are a family of Gi/o-protein-coupled receptors that are currently divided into four subtypes: Y1, Y2, Y4 and Y5. NPY receptors mediate a diverse range of biological actions including stimulation of food intake and modulation of circadian rhythm.

Gene Wiki entry for NPY Gene

Additional gene information for NPY Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NPY Gene

Genomics for NPY Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for NPY Gene

Promoters and enhancers for NPY Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH07I024284 Promoter 0.6 EPDnew 550.8 +0.0 8 0.1 EZH2 NPY GC07P024499
GH07I023529 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 4.9 -752.8 -752795 3.2 FOXA2 SMAD1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 POLR2B ZNF213 ZNF143 TRA2A GC07P023532 PIR50375 NPY GC07M023491 ENSG00000200847
GH07I024290 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 4.8 +6.2 6238 0.4 CTCF PKNOX1 MAX EBF1 BATF ZIC2 ZNF2 IRF4 RAD21 RFX5 NPY GC07P024499
GH07I023814 Enhancer 0.2 FANTOM5 12.3 -470.0 -470005 0 NPY TPT1P7 GC07M023895 STK31
GH07I024341 Enhancer 0.3 FANTOM5 7.3 +57.8 57834 0.4 USF1 NPY GC07P024499
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around NPY on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the NPY gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for NPY Gene

Genomic Locations for NPY Gene
7,703 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for NPY Gene

Genes around NPY on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NPY Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NPY Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NPY Gene

Proteins for NPY Gene

  • Protein details for NPY Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Pro-neuropeptide Y
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for NPY Gene

    97 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    10851 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NPY Gene

neXtProt entry for NPY Gene

Post-translational modifications for NPY Gene

  • The neuropeptide Y form is cleaved at Pro-30 by the prolyl endopeptidase FAP (seprase) activity (in vitro).
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for NPY Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for NPY (Neuropeptide Y/NPY)
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for NPY

Protein Products

  • R&D Systems Peptides for NPY (Neuropeptide Y/NPY)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NPY Gene

Domains & Families for NPY Gene

Gene Families for NPY Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for NPY Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NPY Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the NPY family.
  • Belongs to the NPY family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NPY: view

Function for NPY Gene

Molecular function for NPY Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
neuropeptide Y,melanostatin,expressed in brain (hypothalamus),adrenals,heart,involved in the hypothalamic regulation of energy balance by stimulating food intake and favoring energy storage through increased lipoprotein lipase activity in white adipose tissue,inhibited by leptin,with a polymorphism putatively associated with high serum cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
NPY is implicated in the control of feeding and in secretion of gonadotrophin-release hormone.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for NPY Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NPY Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001664 G-protein coupled receptor binding IBA --
GO:0004930 G-protein coupled receptor activity TAS 1321422
GO:0005102 receptor binding TAS 8132547
GO:0005179 hormone activity IEA --
GO:0005184 neuropeptide hormone activity TAS 2427515
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NPY: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NPY: view

Animal Models for NPY Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NPY:
  • Npy tm1Rpa
  • Npy tm1(rtTA,tetO-cre/EGFP)Snby

Animal Model Products

miRNA for NPY Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NPY

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for NPY

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NPY Gene

Localization for NPY Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NPY Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NPY gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
golgi apparatus 5
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
cytosol 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
endosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Golgi apparatus (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NPY Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space ISS --
GO:0005623 cell TAS 2444979
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NPY: view

Pathways & Interactions for NPY Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NPY: view

Pathways by source for NPY Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for NPY Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NPY Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006816 calcium ion transport TAS 8132547
GO:0006928 movement of cell or subcellular component TAS 10488139
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0007187 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway, coupled to cyclic nucleotide second messenger TAS 8132547
GO:0007218 neuropeptide signaling pathway IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NPY: view

Drugs & Compounds for NPY Gene

(98) Drugs for NPY Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Alpha-Aminoisobutyric Acid Experimental Pharma Target 0
L-Tyrosinamide Experimental Pharma Target 0
[Leu31,Pro34]-Neuropeptide Y (porcine) Pharma 0
Neuropeptide Y 13-36 (porcine) Pharma 0

(46) Additional Compounds for NPY Gene - From: Novoseek and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Neuropeptide Y (human, rat)

(5) Tocris Compounds for NPY Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
[Leu31,Pro34]-Neuropeptide Y (porcine) NPY Y1 receptor agonist 125580-28-1
BIBP 3226 trifluoroacetate Mixed NPY Y1 and NPFF receptor antagonist
GR 231118 Potent NPY Y1 antagonist/NPY Y4 agonist. Binds to NPFF receptors 158859-98-4
Neuropeptide Y (human, rat) Influences feeding and sexual behavior 90880-35-6
Pancreatic Polypeptide (human) NPY Y4 agonist; involved in gastrointestinal tract function 75976-10-2

(2) ApexBio Compounds for NPY Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
[Leu31,Pro34]-Neuropeptide Y (porcine) 125580-28-1
Neuropeptide Y 13-36 (porcine) 113662-54-7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NPY: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for NPY Gene

mRNA/cDNA for NPY Gene

Unigene Clusters for NPY Gene

Neuropeptide Y:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for NPY

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NPY Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c
SP1: -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for NPY Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NPY Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for NPY Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NPY Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x9.2), Prostate (x8.4), Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x7.6), Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x5.3), and Brain - Amygdala (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NPY Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cerebrospinal fluid (37.4), Seminal vesicle (17.9), and Ovary (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for NPY Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NPY Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NPY Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NPY Gene:

Tissue specificity: One of the most abundant peptides in the nervous system. Also found in some chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for NPY Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Liver(4.3)
  • Adrenal gland(3.5)
  • Blood(2.7)
  • Intestine(2.7)
  • Muscle(2.6)
  • Pancreas(2.6)
  • Heart(2.3)
  • Kidney(2.2)
  • Stomach(2.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NPY: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for NPY Gene

Orthologs for NPY Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NPY Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NPY 34 33
  • 99.31 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NPY 34 33
  • 92.1 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NPY 34 33
  • 91.07 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Npy 33
  • 88.66 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Npy 34 16 33
  • 87.97 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NPY 34
  • 86 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NPY 34
  • 76 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NPY 34 33
  • 84.19 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NPY 34
  • 86 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia npy 33
  • 74.23 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia NPY 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii npy 34 33
  • 65.59 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.12071 33
Species where no ortholog for NPY was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NPY Gene

Gene Tree for NPY (if available)
Gene Tree for NPY (if available)

Paralogs for NPY Gene

Paralogs for NPY Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for NPY Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NPY: view

Variants for NPY Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NPY Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs16139 benign, NEUROPEPTIDE Y POLYMORPHISM 24,285,260(+) T/A/C coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1000220116 -- 24,287,641(+) T/C intron_variant
rs1000322339 -- 24,282,226(+) T/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000676839 -- 24,287,967(+) T/C intron_variant
rs1000941389 -- 24,286,759(+) A/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NPY Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2673027 CNV deletion 23128226
nsv517053 CNV gain+loss 19592680
nsv7393 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv830927 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for NPY Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 54.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.47; 43.37% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for NPY Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NPY Gene

Disorders for NPY Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(41) MalaCards diseases for NPY Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
autonomic neuropathy
breath-holding spells
  • bhs
adjustment disorder
  • adjustment disease
eating disorder
  • eating disorders
temporal lobe epilepsy
  • epilepsy, temporal lobe
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NPY in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for NPY

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NPY: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for NPY Gene

Publications for NPY Gene

  1. Association between neuropeptide Y gene and its receptor Y1 gene and methamphetamine dependence. (PMID: 19566775) Okahisa Y … Kuroda S (Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences 2009) 3 22 44 58
  2. PreproNPY Pro7 protects against depression despite exposure to environmental risk factors. (PMID: 19264362) Sjöholm LK … Lavebratt C (Journal of affective disorders 2009) 3 22 44 58
  3. Neuropeptide Y receptor genes are associated with alcohol dependence, alcohol withdrawal phenotypes, and cocaine dependence. (PMID: 18828811) Wetherill L … Foroud T (Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research 2008) 3 22 44 58
  4. Genetic variation may influence obesity only under conditions of diet: analysis of three candidate genes. (PMID: 18815063) Aberle J … Beil FU (Molecular genetics and metabolism 2008) 3 22 44 58
  5. Effects of functional polymorphisms related to catecholaminergic systems on changes in blood catecholamine and cardiovascular measures after alcohol ingestion in the Japanese population. (PMID: 18715275) Nishimura FT … Saijoh K (Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research 2008) 3 22 44 58

Products for NPY Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for NPY

Sources for NPY Gene

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