Aliases for NPC2 Gene
External Ids for NPC2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NPC2 Gene
This gene encodes a protein containing a lipid recognition domain. The encoded protein may function in regulating the transport of cholesterol through the late endosomal/lysosomal system. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Niemann-Pick disease, type C2 and frontal lobe atrophy. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NPC2 Gene
NPC2 (NPC Intracellular Cholesterol Transporter 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NPC2 include Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C2 and Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1. Among its related pathways are Lipoprotein metabolism and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and cholesterol binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NPC2 Gene
Intracellular cholesterol transporter which acts in concert with NPC1 and plays an important role in the egress of cholesterol from the lysosomal compartment (PubMed:17018531, PubMed:11125141, PubMed:18772377, PubMed:29580834, PubMed:15937921). Unesterified cholesterol that has been released from LDLs in the lumen of the late endosomes/lysosomes is transferred by NPC2 to the cholesterol-binding pocket in the N-terminal domain of NPC1 (PubMed:17018531, PubMed:18772377, PubMed:27238017). May bind and mobilize cholesterol that is associated with membranes (PubMed:18823126). NPC2 binds cholesterol with a 1:1 stoichiometry (PubMed:17018531). Can bind a variety of sterols, including lathosterol, desmosterol and the plant sterols stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol (PubMed:17018531). The secreted form of NCP2 regulates biliary cholesterol secretion via stimulation of ABCG5/ABCG8-mediated cholesterol transport (By similarity).