Aliases for NOS2 Gene
External Ids for NOS2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NOS2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NOS2 Gene
Nitric oxide is a reactive free radical which acts as a biologic mediator in several processes, including neurotransmission and antimicrobial and antitumoral activities. This gene encodes a nitric oxide synthase which is expressed in liver and is inducible by a combination of lipopolysaccharide and certain cytokines. Three related pseudogenes are located within the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NOS2 Gene
NOS2 (Nitric Oxide Synthase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NOS2 include Malaria and Meningioma, Radiation-Induced. Among its related pathways are Doxorubicin Pathway (Cardiomyocyte Cell), Pharmacodynamics and Bacterial infections in CF airways. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and oxidoreductase activity. An important paralog of this gene is NOS1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NOS2 Gene
Produces nitric oxide (NO) which is a messenger molecule with diverse functions throughout the body (PubMed:7531687, PubMed:7544004). In macrophages, NO mediates tumoricidal and bactericidal actions. Also has nitrosylase activity and mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of cytoplasmic target proteins such PTGS2/COX2 (By similarity). As component of the iNOS-S100A8/9 transnitrosylase complex involved in the selective inflammatory stimulus-dependent S-nitrosylation of GAPDH on 'Cys-247' implicated in regulation of the GAIT complex activity and probably multiple targets including ANXA5, EZR, MSN and VIM (PubMed:25417112). Involved in inflammation, enhances the synthesis of proinflammatory mediators such as IL6 and IL8 (PubMed:19688109).