Aliases for NOP53 Gene
External Ids for NOP53 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NOP53 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NOP53 Gene
GeneCards Summary for NOP53 Gene
NOP53 (NOP53 Ribosome Biogenesis Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NOP53 include Spindle Cell Hemangioma and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis-Parkinsonism/Dementia Complex 1. Among its related pathways are PI3K / Akt Signaling and Translational Control.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NOP53 Gene
Nucleolar protein which is involved in the integration of the 5S RNP into the ribosomal large subunit during ribosome biogenesis (PubMed:24120868). In ribosome biogenesis, may also play a role in rRNA transcription (PubMed:27729611). Also functions as a nucleolar sensor that regulates the activation of p53/TP53 in response to ribosome biogenesis perturbation, DNA damage and other stress conditions (PubMed:21741933, PubMed:24120868, PubMed:27829214). DNA damage or perturbation of ribosome biogenesis disrupt the interaction between NOP53 and RPL11 allowing RPL11 transport to the nucleoplasm where it can inhibit MDM2 and allow p53/TP53 activation (PubMed:24120868, PubMed:27829214). It may also positively regulate the function of p53/TP53 in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through direct interaction, preventing its MDM2-dependent ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation (PubMed:22522597). Originally identified as a tumor suppressor, it may also play a role in cell proliferation and apoptosis by positively regulating the stability of PTEN, thereby antagonizing the PI3K-AKT/PKB signaling pathway (PubMed:15355975, PubMed:16971513, PubMed:27729611). May also inhibit cell proliferation and increase apoptosis through its interaction with NF2 (PubMed:21167305). May negatively regulate NPM1 by regulating its nucleoplasmic localization, oligomerization and ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation (PubMed:25818168). Thereby, may prevent NPM1 interaction with MYC and negatively regulate transcription mediated by the MYC-NPM1 complex (PubMed:25956029). May also regulate cellular aerobic respiration (PubMed:24556985). In the cellular response to viral infection, may play a role in the attenuation of interferon-beta through the inhibition of DDX58/RIG-1 (PubMed:27824081).