Aliases for NODAL Gene
External Ids for NODAL Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NODAL Gene
This gene encodes a secreted ligand of the TGF-beta (transforming growth factor-beta) superfamily of proteins. Ligands of this family bind various TGF-beta receptors leading to recruitment and activation of SMAD family transcription factors that regulate gene expression. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature protein, which regulates early embryonic development. This protein is required for maintenance of human embryonic stem cell pluripotency and may play a role in human placental development. Mutations in this gene are associated with heterotaxy, a condition characterized by random orientation of visceral organs with respect to the left-right axis. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]
GeneCards Summary for NODAL Gene
NODAL (Nodal Growth Differentiation Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NODAL include Heterotaxy, Visceral, 5, Autosomal and Visceral Heterotaxy. Among its related pathways are Embryonic and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiation Pathways and Lineage-specific Markers and Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity and transforming growth factor beta receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is GDF6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NODAL Gene
Essential for mesoderm formation and axial patterning during embryonic development.