Aliases for NMUR1 Gene

Aliases for NMUR1 Gene

  • Neuromedin U Receptor 1 2 3 5
  • G-Protein Coupled Receptor FM-3 3 4
  • G-Protein Coupled Receptor 66 3 4
  • Neuromedin-U Receptor 1 3 4
  • NMU-R1 3 4
  • GPC-R 2 3
  • GPR66 3 4
  • NMU1R 2 3
  • FM-3 2 3
  • G Protein-Coupled Receptor 66 2
  • (FM-3) 3
  • NMUR1 5
  • FM3 3

External Ids for NMUR1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for NMUR1 Gene

  • GPR66

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NMUR1 Gene

  • GC02M232591
  • GC02M232213
  • GC02M232096
  • GC02M232387
  • GC02M224229
  • GC02M231520
  • GC02M231530
  • GC02M231536
  • GC02M231539
  • GC02M231558
  • GC02M231523
  • GC02M231572
  • GC02M231614

Summaries for NMUR1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for NMUR1 Gene

NMUR1 (Neuromedin U Receptor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NMUR1 include Jejunoileitis. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and neuromedin U receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is NMUR2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NMUR1 Gene

Tocris Summary for NMUR1 Gene

  • Neuromedin U (NMU) receptors are a group of Gq/11-protein-coupled receptors that are currently divided into two subtypes: NMU1 and NMU2. The two subtypes have distinct tissue distributions: NMU1 is expressed in the periphery, whilst NMU2 is expressed in the CNS.

Gene Wiki entry for NMUR1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for NMUR1 Gene

Genomics for NMUR1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for NMUR1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH02J231529 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 275.3 +0.1 55 1.2 BCLAF1 ZNF207 MYC ZNF592 NFIC CTCF REST SIN3A HCFC1 SMAD4 NMUR1 HSALNG0022955 HSALNG0022954 NCL
GH02J231531 Promoter 0.7 Ensembl 278.1 -1.1 -1145 0.8 NFIC ZFP64 ZBTB21 GLIS1 GLIS2 ZNF280C ATF7 ZFHX2 ZBTB20 NMUR1 HSALNG0022955 DIS3L2 RPL28P2 COPS7B NCL TEX44
GH02J231530 Promoter 0.4 Ensembl 250.7 +1.0 955 0.2 ZMYM3 HSALNG0022954 NMUR1 NCL
GH02J231513 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 26 +16.0 16018 2.7 BCLAF1 SP1 ZNF207 MYC ZNF600 ZNF592 POLR2A ZIC2 YY1 CTCF LINC00471 HSALNG0022952 lnc-TEX44-4 NMUR1 TEX44 NCL
GH02J231462 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 16 +66.2 66181 4.2 BCLAF1 SP1 ZNF207 MYC ZNF600 SSRP1 ZNF592 KLF9 POLR2A CEBPA NCL lnc-B3GNT7-4 lnc-NMUR1-2 DIS3L2 RPL28P2 NRBF2P6 COPS7B ENSG00000235419 NMUR1 RNU2-22P
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around NMUR1 on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for NMUR1

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the NMUR1 gene promoter:
  • AhR
  • AML1a
  • AP-1
  • Arnt
  • En-1
  • HEN1
  • HOXA5
  • HTF
  • Roaz

Genomic Locations for NMUR1 Gene

Latest Assembly
10,554 bases
Minus strand

Previous Assembly
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
7,259 bases
Minus strand

(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
7,336 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NMUR1 Gene

Genes around NMUR1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NMUR1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NMUR1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NMUR1 Gene

Proteins for NMUR1 Gene

  • Protein details for NMUR1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Neuromedin-U receptor 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O43664
    • Q7LDP6
    • Q8NE20

    Protein attributes for NMUR1 Gene

    426 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    47351 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for NMUR1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for NMUR1 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn7, Asn27, and Asn41
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for NMUR1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NMUR1 Gene

Domains & Families for NMUR1 Gene

Gene Families for NMUR1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • G-protein coupled receptors
  • Predicted membrane proteins
  • Transporters

Protein Domains for NMUR1 Gene

  • Neuromedin U receptor family signature
  • Neuromedin U type 1 receptor signature

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NMUR1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • G-protein coupled receptor FM-3 (NMUR1_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NMUR1: view

Function for NMUR1 Gene

Molecular function for NMUR1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor for the neuromedin-U and neuromedin-S neuropeptides.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for NMUR1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NMUR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001607 neuromedin U receptor activity IDA 10894543
GO:0004930 G protein-coupled receptor activity TAS 10899166
GO:0008188 neuropeptide receptor activity IEA,TAS 10811630
GO:0042924 neuromedin U binding IDA 10894543
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NMUR1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NMUR1: view

Animal Models for NMUR1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NMUR1:

Animal Models for research

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for NMUR1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NMUR1 Gene

Localization for NMUR1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NMUR1 Gene

Cell membrane. Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NMUR1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 1
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
cytosol 1
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NMUR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 9782091
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IDA 10899166
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NMUR1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for NMUR1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for NMUR1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NMUR1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for NMUR1 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NMUR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006816 calcium ion transport IDA 10899166
GO:0006821 chloride transport IDA 10899166
GO:0006939 smooth muscle contraction IEP 10899166
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007186 G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NMUR1: view

Drugs & Compounds for NMUR1 Gene

(20) Drugs for NMUR1 Gene - From: ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Neuromedin U (rat) Pharma Endogenous modulator of blood pressure and flow, gut ion transport, feeding and body temperature 0
[<sup>125</sup>I]neuromedin U-23 (rat) Pharma Agonist 0
[<sup>125</sup>I]neuromedin U-25 (human) Pharma Agonist 0
[<sup>125</sup>I]neuromedin U-8 (pig) Pharma Agonist 0
neuromedin S-33 Pharma Agonist, Full agonist 0

(9) Additional Compounds for NMUR1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(2) Tocris Compounds for NMUR1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Neuromedin S (rat) Potent, endogenous NMU1 and NMU2 agonist 843782-19-4
Neuromedin U (rat) Endogenous modulator of blood pressure and flow, gut ion transport, feeding and body temperature 117505-80-3

(1) ApexBio Compounds for NMUR1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Neuromedin U (rat) 117505-80-3
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NMUR1: view

Drug products for research

Transcripts for NMUR1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for NMUR1 Gene

6 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
1 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for NMUR1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NMUR1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NMUR1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for

Expression for NMUR1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for NMUR1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NMUR1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x10.1).

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for NMUR1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NMUR1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NMUR1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in greatest abundance in peripheral organs, particularly in elements of the gastrointestinal and urogenital systems with highest levels in testes. In central nervous system structures express levels are much lower than those seen in peripheral organs. Within the CNS, has been detected in highest abundance in the cerebellum, dorsal root ganglia, hippocampus, and spinal cord.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for NMUR1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NMUR1: view

Primer products for research

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for NMUR1 Gene

Orthologs for NMUR1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for NMUR1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NMUR1 29 30
  • 99.45 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NMUR1 29 30
  • 83.97 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NMUR1 29 30
  • 83.77 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nmur1 29 16 30
  • 78.41 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nmur1 29
  • 76.55 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NMUR1 30
  • 65 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NMUR1 30
  • 62 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NMUR1 29 30
  • 66.05 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NMUR1 30
  • 54 (a)
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100498264 29
  • 61.42 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nmur1 29 30
  • 63.97 (n)
NMUR1 (1 of 2) 30
  • 51 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta GPRGHP1 29
  • 52.21 (n)
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pk1r 30
  • 28 (a)
capaR 30
  • 27 (a)
CG8795 30
  • 20 (a)
CG8784 30
  • 19 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea nmur-2 30
  • 26 (a)
nmur-1 30
  • 25 (a)
nmur-4 30
  • 24 (a)
nmur-3 30
  • 20 (a)
Species where no ortholog for NMUR1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for NMUR1 Gene

Gene Tree for NMUR1 (if available)
Gene Tree for NMUR1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for NMUR1: view image
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for NMUR1

Paralogs for NMUR1 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for NMUR1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • L8E9D8_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NMUR1: view

Variants for NMUR1 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for NMUR1 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 02 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs112427952 Benign: not provided 231,528,541(-) A/G
NM_006056.5(NMUR1):c.480T>C (p.Tyr160=)
rs113464185 Benign: not provided 231,528,486(-) G/A
NM_006056.5(NMUR1):c.535C>T (p.Arg179Cys)
rs113850251 Benign: not provided 231,528,889(-) G/A
NM_006056.5(NMUR1):c.132C>T (p.Asp44=)
rs113977385 Benign: not provided 231,525,205(-) G/A
NM_006056.5(NMUR1):c.1119C>T (p.Leu373=)
rs150482580 Benign: not provided 231,528,246(-) G/A
NM_006056.5(NMUR1):c.775C>T (p.Arg259Trp)

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for NMUR1 Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NMUR1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834567 CNV gain 17160897
nsv999161 CNV gain 25217958

Variation tolerance for NMUR1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 84.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.00; 68.37% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for NMUR1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NMUR1 Gene

Disorders for NMUR1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for NMUR1 Gene - From: COP

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NMUR1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for NMUR1

Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NMUR1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for NMUR1 Gene

Publications for NMUR1 Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of a human and murine T-cell orphan G-protein-coupled receptor similar to the growth hormone secretagogue and neurotensin receptors. (PMID: 9782091) Tan CP … Howard AD (Genomics 1998) 2 3 4 22
  2. Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4. (PMID: 15815621) Hillier LW … Wilson RK (Nature 2005) 3 4
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4
  4. Identification and characterization of two neuromedin U receptors differentially expressed in peripheral tissues and the central nervous system. (PMID: 10899166) Raddatz R … Adham N (The Journal of biological chemistry 2000) 3 4
  5. Identification of neuromedin U as the cognate ligand of the orphan G protein-coupled receptor FM-3. (PMID: 10783389) Fujii R … Fujino M (The Journal of biological chemistry 2000) 3 22

Products for NMUR1 Gene

Sources for NMUR1 Gene