Aliases for NMU Gene
External Ids for NMU Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NMU Gene
This gene encodes a member of the neuromedin family of neuropeptides. The encoded protein is a precursor that is proteolytically processed to generate a biologically active neuropeptide that plays a role in pain, stress, immune-mediated inflammatory diseases and feeding regulation. Increased expression of this gene was observed in renal, pancreatic and lung cancers. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. Some of these isoforms may undergo similar processing to generate the mature peptide. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]
GeneCards Summary for NMU Gene
NMU (Neuromedin U) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NMU include Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 11. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and neuromedin U receptor binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NMU Gene
[Neuromedin-U-25]: Ligand for receptors NMUR1 and NMUR2 (By similarity). Stimulates muscle contractions of specific regions of the gastrointestinal tract. In humans, NmU stimulates contractions of the ileum and urinary bladder.
[Neuromedin precursor-related peptide 33]: Does not function as a ligand for either NMUR1 or NMUR2. Indirectly induces prolactin release although its potency is much lower than that of neuromedin precursor-related peptide 36.
[Neuromedin precursor-related peptide 36]: Does not function as a ligand for either NMUR1 or NMUR2. Indirectly induces prolactin release from lactotroph cells in the pituitary gland, probably via the hypothalamic dopaminergic system.