Aliases for NLRP9 Gene
External Ids for NLRP9 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NLRP9 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NLRP9 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the NALP protein family. Members of the NALP protein family typically contain a NACHT domain, a NACHT-associated domain (NAD), a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) region, and an N-terminal pyrin domain (PYD). This protein may play a regulatory role in the innate immune system as similar family members belong to the signal-induced multiprotein complex, the inflammasome, that activates the pro-inflammatory caspases, caspase-1 and caspase-5. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NLRP9 Gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NLRP9 Gene
As the sensor component of the NLRP9 inflammasome, plays a crucial role in innate immunity and inflammation. In response to pathogens, including rotavirus, initiates the formation of the inflammasome polymeric complex, made of NLRP9, PYCARD and CASP1. Recruitment of proCASP1 to the inflammasome promotes its activation and CASP1-catalyzed IL1B and IL18 maturation and release in the extracellular milieu. The active cytokines stimulate inflammatory responses. Inflammasomes can also induce pyroptosis, an inflammatory form of programmed cell death. NLRP9 inflammasome activation may be initiated by DHX9 interaction with viral double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), preferentially to short dsRNA segments.