Aliases for NFATC4 Gene
External Ids for NFATC4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NFATC4 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) protein family. The encoded protein is part of a DNA-binding transcription complex. This complex consists of at least two components: a preexisting cytosolic component that translocates to the nucleus upon T cell receptor stimulation and an inducible nuclear component. NFAT proteins are activated by the calmodulin-dependent phosphatase, calcineurin. The encoded protein plays a role in the inducible expression of cytokine genes in T cells, especially in the induction of interleukin-2 and interleukin-4. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]
GeneCards Summary for NFATC4 Gene
NFATC4 (Nuclear Factor Of Activated T Cells 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NFATC4 include Crouzon Syndrome With Acanthosis Nigricans and Leukostasis. Among its related pathways are Oxytocin signaling pathway and MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and transcription coactivator activity. An important paralog of this gene is NFATC3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NFATC4 Gene
Ca(2+)-regulated transcription factor that is involved in several processes, including the development and function of the immune, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and nervous systems (PubMed:7749981, PubMed:11514544, PubMed:11997522, PubMed:17875713, PubMed:17213202, PubMed:18668201, PubMed:25663301). Involved in T-cell activation, stimulating the transcription of cytokine genes, including that of IL2 and IL4 (PubMed:7749981, PubMed:18668201, PubMed:18347059). Along with NFATC3, involved in embryonic heart development. Involved in mitochondrial energy metabolism required for cardiac morphogenesis and function (By similarity). Transactivates many genes involved in the cardiovascular system, including AGTR2, NPPB/BNP (in synergy with GATA4), NPPA/ANP/ANF and MYH7/beta-MHC (By similarity). Involved in the regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Involved in BDNF-driven pro-survival signaling in hippocampal adult-born neurons. Involved in the formation of long-term spatial memory and long-term potentiation (By similarity). In cochlear nucleus neurons, may play a role in deafferentation-induced apoptosis during the developmental critical period, when auditory neurons depend on afferent input for survival (By similarity). Binds to and activates the BACE1/Beta-secretase 1 promoter, hence may regulate the proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) (PubMed:25663301). Plays a role in adipocyte differentiation (PubMed:11997522). May be involved in myoblast differentiation into myotubes (PubMed:17213202). Binds the consensus DNA sequence 5'-GGAAAAT-3' (Probable). In the presence of CREBBP, activates TNF transcription (PubMed:11514544). Binds to PPARG gene promoter and regulates its activity (PubMed:11997522). Binds to PPARG and REG3G gene promoters (By similarity).
NFAT (Nuclear Factor of Activated T-Cells) proteins are transcription factors that are integral for the development and function of the immune system. Five NFAT isoforms have been identified to date, NFATC1-C4 and NFAT5.