Aliases for NEUROD1 Gene
External Ids for NEUROD1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NEUROD1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NEUROD1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the NeuroD family of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors. The protein forms heterodimers with other bHLH proteins and activates transcription of genes that contain a specific DNA sequence known as the E-box. It regulates expression of the insulin gene, and mutations in this gene result in type II diabetes mellitus. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NEUROD1 Gene
NEUROD1 (Neuronal Differentiation 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NEUROD1 include Maturity-Onset Diabetes Of The Young, Type 6 and Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent. Among its related pathways are Regulation of beta-cell development and Dopaminergic Neurogenesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is NEUROD2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NEUROD1 Gene
Acts as a transcriptional activator: mediates transcriptional activation by binding to E box-containing promoter consensus core sequences 5'-CANNTG-3'. Associates with the p300/CBP transcription coactivator complex to stimulate transcription of the secretin gene as well as the gene encoding the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor CDKN1A. Contributes to the regulation of several cell differentiation pathways, like those that promote the formation of early retinal ganglion cells, inner ear sensory neurons, granule cells forming either the cerebellum or the dentate gyrus cell layer of the hippocampus, endocrine islet cells of the pancreas and enteroendocrine cells of the small intestine. Together with PAX6 or SIX3, is required for the regulation of amacrine cell fate specification. Also required for dendrite morphogenesis and maintenance in the cerebellar cortex. Associates with chromatin to enhancer regulatory elements in genes encoding key transcriptional regulators of neurogenesis (By similarity).