Aliases for NEU1 Gene
External Ids for NEU1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NEU1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NEU1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a lysosomal enzyme that cleaves terminal sialic acid residues from substrates such as glycoproteins and glycolipids. In the lysosome, this enzyme is part of a heterotrimeric complex together with beta-galactosidase and cathepsin A (the latter is also referred to as 'protective protein'). Mutations in this gene can lead to sialidosis, a lysosomal storage disease that can be type 1 (cherry red spot-myoclonus syndrome or normosomatic type), which is late-onset, or type 2 (the dysmorphic type), which occurs at an earlier age with increased severity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NEU1 Gene
NEU1 (Neuraminidase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NEU1 include Neuraminidase Deficiency and Hydrops Fetalis, Nonimmune. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include exo-alpha-(2->3)-sialidase activity and exo-alpha-(2->8)-sialidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is NEU4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NEU1 Gene
Catalyzes the removal of sialic acid (N-acetylneuraminic acid) moieties from glycoproteins and glycolipids. To be active, it is strictly dependent on its presence in the multienzyme complex. Appears to have a preference for alpha 2-3 and alpha 2-6 sialyl linkage.