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Aliases for NELL2 Gene

Aliases for NELL2 Gene

  • Neural EGFL Like 2 2 3 5
  • NEL-Like Protein 2 3 4
  • NRP2 3 4
  • Protein Kinase C-Binding Protein NELL2 3
  • Neural Epidermal Growth Factor-Like 2 3
  • NEL-Related Protein 2 3
  • Nel-Related Protein 2 4
  • Nel (Chicken)-Like 2 2
  • NEL-Like 2 (Chicken) 2

External Ids for NELL2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NELL2 Gene

  • GC12M044981
  • GC12M044801
  • GC12M044618
  • GC12M043188
  • GC12M041929

Summaries for NELL2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NELL2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein containing several von Willebrand factor C domains and epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains. The encoded protein acts as a homotrimer and is found in the cytoplasm. Several variants encoding a few different isoforms exist, and at least one isoform appears to be a secreted protein. Studies in mouse suggest that this protein plays a role in neural cell growth and differentiation as well as in oncogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2009]

GeneCards Summary for NELL2 Gene

NELL2 (Neural EGFL Like 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NELL2 include Tuberculous Meningitis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is NELL1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NELL2 Gene

  • Required for neuron survival through the modulation of MAPK pathways (By similarity). Involved in the regulation of hypothalamic GNRH secretion and the control of puberty (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for NELL2 Gene

Additional gene information for NELL2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NELL2 Gene

Genomics for NELL2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for NELL2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for NELL2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH12J044874 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 666.4 +45.9 45850 2.4 SIN3A ZNF2 GLIS2 ZNF213 KLF7 SP3 ZNF488 REST ZNF610 GLIS1 NELL2 DBX2 RACGAP1P ENSG00000201788 GC12M044881 GC12M044853
GH12J044832 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 31.4 +87.2 87249 4.4 SRF SPI1 GC12M044833 NELL2 GC12M044826
GH12J044846 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17.2 +73.9 73899 2.3 PKNOX1 STAT5A BATF IRF4 SCRT2 EED ETV6 IKZF2 CREM RUNX3 NELL2 DBX2 GC12M044853 GC12M044833
GH12J044889 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 19.9 +31.9 31884 1.1 TEAD4 TAL1 JUN CHAMP1 FOSL1 TCF12 NCOR1 CBFA2T2 FOS NFE2 NELL2 DBX2 GC12M044881 ENSG00000201788 GC12M044877
GH12J045230 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 7.4 -311.8 -311822 5.7 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT SIN3A FEZF1 BRCA1 FOS RUNX3 DEK JUNB LINC00938 NELL2 ANO6 PLEKHA8P1 ENSG00000278351
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around NELL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the NELL2 gene promoter:
  • AP-1
  • ATF-2
  • c-Jun

Genomic Locations for NELL2 Gene

Genomic Locations for NELL2 Gene
413,574 bases
Minus strand
413,574 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for NELL2 Gene

Genes around NELL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NELL2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NELL2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NELL2 Gene

Proteins for NELL2 Gene

  • Protein details for NELL2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein kinase C-binding protein NELL2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7Z2U7
    • B7Z5Q4
    • B7Z9J5
    • B7Z9U3
    • Q96JS2

    Protein attributes for NELL2 Gene

    816 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    91346 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotrimer. Binds to PKC beta-1 (By similarity).

    Alternative splice isoforms for NELL2 Gene


neXtProt entry for NELL2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for NELL2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn635, isoforms=2, 3, 4615, Asn517, Asn298, Asn293, Asn225, and isoforms=2, 3, 453
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NELL2 Gene

Domains & Families for NELL2 Gene

Gene Families for NELL2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NELL2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NELL2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NELL2 Gene

Function for NELL2 Gene

Molecular function for NELL2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Required for neuron survival through the modulation of MAPK pathways (By similarity). Involved in the regulation of hypothalamic GNRH secretion and the control of puberty (By similarity).
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
chicken nel-like 2 homolog with a wide and weak expression,expressed in adult and fetal brain and hemopoietic cells (nucleated peripheral blood cells) but not in B cell at an earlier stage of development,potentially playing an oncogenic role in these cells,involved in the growth and differentiation of neural cells

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for NELL2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NELL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16713569
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NELL2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NELL2: view

Animal Models for NELL2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NELL2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for NELL2

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for NELL2

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NELL2 Gene

Localization for NELL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NELL2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NELL2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
plasma membrane 3
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
cytosol 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NELL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005623 cell IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NELL2: view

Pathways & Interactions for NELL2 Gene

SuperPathways for NELL2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NELL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0070050 neuron cellular homeostasis ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NELL2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for NELL2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NELL2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for NELL2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for NELL2 Gene

NEL-like 2 (chicken):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for NELL2

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NELL2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NELL2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NELL2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for NELL2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for NELL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x8.5), Brain - Cortex (x7.2), Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x7.1), and Brain - Hippocampus (x6.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for NELL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cerebrospinal fluid (59.1) and Vitreous humor (9.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for NELL2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for NELL2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NELL2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NELL2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for NELL2 Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Intestine(4.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NELL2: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for NELL2 Gene

Orthologs for NELL2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NELL2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NELL2 34 33
  • 97.2 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 94 (a)
-- 34
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NELL2 34 33
  • 94 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NELL2 34 33
  • 92.69 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NELL2 34
  • 87 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nell2 16 34 33
  • 86.37 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nell2 33
  • 85.92 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NELL2 34 33
  • 81.37 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NELL2 34
  • 86 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nell2 33
  • 77.64 (n)
Str.15716 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia nell2-prov 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii nell2b 34 33
  • 67.21 (n)
  • 54 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.11077 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 30 (a)
Species where no ortholog for NELL2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for NELL2 Gene

Gene Tree for NELL2 (if available)
Gene Tree for NELL2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for NELL2: view image

Paralogs for NELL2 Gene

Paralogs for NELL2 Gene

(18) SIMAP similar genes for NELL2 Gene using alignment to 11 proteins:

  • F8VZ72_HUMAN
  • F8W1A2_HUMAN
  • F8W1I8_HUMAN
  • H0YI34_HUMAN
  • L0R6L1_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NELL2: view

Variants for NELL2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NELL2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000003235 -- 44,797,245(-) A/G intron_variant
rs1000006198 -- 44,589,889(-) T/A intron_variant
rs1000018460 -- 44,564,966(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000018909 -- 44,887,766(-) C/G genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000020888 -- 44,536,006(-) A/G intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NELL2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv287e199 CNV deletion 23128226
dgv288e199 CNV deletion 23128226
esv1004421 CNV deletion 20482838
esv1571217 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1923023 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2457498 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2604257 CNV insertion 19546169
esv2672049 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2745831 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2745832 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2745833 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2745834 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2745835 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2762976 CNV gain 21179565
esv2762978 CNV loss 21179565
esv3303344 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3309428 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3327195 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3345257 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3352095 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3406805 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3411422 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3439749 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3549143 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3629371 CNV loss 21293372
esv3629372 CNV loss 21293372
esv3629373 CNV loss 21293372
esv3629375 CNV loss 21293372
esv3629376 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1049080 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1049818 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1051285 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1144618 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv526438 CNV loss 19592680
nsv687 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv832394 CNV loss 17160897
nsv958665 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv983317 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv983484 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for NELL2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 26.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.80; 58.33% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for NELL2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NELL2 Gene

Disorders for NELL2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for NELL2 Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
tuberculous meningitis
  • tb meningitis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NELL2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for NELL2

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NELL2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for NELL2 Gene

Publications for NELL2 Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of two novel human cDNAs (NELL1 and NELL2) encoding proteins with six EGF-like repeats. (PMID: 8975702) Watanabe TK … Takahashi Ei (Genomics 1996) 2 3 4 58
  2. NELL2 function in the protection of cells against endoplasmic reticulum stress. (PMID: 25537860) Kim DY … Lee BJ (Molecules and cells 2015) 2 3 58
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 44 58
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58

Products for NELL2 Gene

Sources for NELL2 Gene

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