Aliases for NELFE Gene
External Ids for NELFE Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NELFE Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NELFE Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is part of a complex termed negative elongation factor (NELF) which represses RNA polymerase II transcript elongation. This protein bears similarity to nuclear RNA-binding proteins; however, it has not been demonstrated that this protein binds RNA. The protein contains a tract of alternating basic and acidic residues, largely arginine (R) and aspartic acid (D). The gene localizes to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NELFE Gene
NELFE (Negative Elongation Factor Complex Member E) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Formation of HIV elongation complex in the absence of HIV Tat and Gene Expression. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and RNA binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NELFE Gene
Essential component of the NELF complex, a complex that negatively regulates the elongation of transcription by RNA polymerase II. The NELF complex, which acts via an association with the DSIF complex and causes transcriptional pausing, is counteracted by the P-TEFb kinase complex. The NELF complex is involved in HIV-1 latency possibly involving recruitment of PCF11 to paused RNA polymerase II. Provides the strongest RNA binding activity of the NELF complex and may initially recruit the NELF complex to RNA. Binds to the HIV-1 TAR RNA which is located in the long terminal repeat (LTR) of HIV-1.