Aliases for NELFB Gene
External Ids for NELFB Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NELFB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NELFB Gene
NELFB is a subunit of negative elongation factor (NELF), which also includes NELFA (WHSC2; MIM 606026), either NELFC or NELFD (TH1L; MIM 605297), and NELFE (RDBP; MIM 154040). NELF acts with DRB sensitivity-inducing factor (DSIF), a heterodimer of SPT4 (SUPT4H1; MIM 603555) and SPT5 (SUPT5H; MIM 602102), to cause transcriptional pausing of RNA polymerase II (see MIM 180660) (Narita et al., 2003 [PubMed 12612062]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NELFB Gene
NELFB (Negative Elongation Factor Complex Member B) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Formation of HIV-1 elongation complex containing HIV-1 Tat.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NELFB Gene
Essential component of the NELF complex, a complex that negatively regulates the elongation of transcription by RNA polymerase II. The NELF complex, which acts via an association with the DSIF complex and causes transcriptional pausing, is counteracted by the P-TEFb kinase complex. The NELF complex is involved in HIV-1 latency possibly involving recruitment of PCF11 to paused RNA polymerase II. Binds RNA which may help to stabilize the NELF complex on nucleic acid. In vitro, binds weakly to the HIV-1 TAR RNA which is located in the long terminal repeat (LTR) of HIV-1. May be able to induce chromatin unfolding.