Aliases for NEIL2 Gene
External Ids for NEIL2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NEIL2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the Fpg/Nei family of DNA glycosylases. These glycosylases initiate the first step in base excision repair by cleaving oxidatively damaged bases and introducing a DNA strand break via their abasic site lyase activity. This enzyme is primarily associated with DNA repair during transcription and acts prefentially on cytosine-derived lesions, particularly 5-hydroxyuracil and 5-hydroxycytosine. It contains an N-terminal catalytic domain, a hinge region, and a C-terminal DNA-binding domain with helix-two-turn-helix and zinc finger motifs. This enzyme interacts with the X-ray cross complementing factor 1 scaffold protein as part of a multi-protein DNA repair complex. A pseudogene of this gene has been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2017]
GeneCards Summary for NEIL2 Gene
NEIL2 (Nei Like DNA Glycosylase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Depyrimidination and Telomere C-strand (Lagging Strand) Synthesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and damaged DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is NEIL3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NEIL2 Gene
Involved in base excision repair of DNA damaged by oxidation or by mutagenic agents. Has DNA glycosylase activity towards 5-hydroxyuracil and other oxidized derivatives of cytosine with a preference for mismatched double-stranded DNA (DNA bubbles). Has low or no DNA glycosylase activity towards thymine glycol, 2-hydroxyadenine, hypoxanthine and 8-oxoguanine. Has AP (apurinic/apyrimidinic) lyase activity and introduces nicks in the DNA strand. Cleaves the DNA backbone by beta-delta elimination to generate a single-strand break at the site of the removed base with both 3- and 5-phosphates.