Aliases for NEFL Gene
External Ids for NEFL Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NEFL Gene
Neurofilaments are type IV intermediate filament heteropolymers composed of light, medium, and heavy chains. Neurofilaments comprise the axoskeleton and they functionally maintain the neuronal caliber. They may also play a role in intracellular transport to axons and dendrites. This gene encodes the light chain neurofilament protein. Mutations in this gene cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease types 1F (CMT1F) and 2E (CMT2E), disorders of the peripheral nervous system that are characterized by distinct neuropathies. A pseudogene has been identified on chromosome Y. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NEFL Gene
NEFL (Neurofilament Light) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NEFL include Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Axonal, Type 2E and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Demyelinating, Type 1F. Among its related pathways are Neuroscience and Association Between Physico-Chemical Features and Toxicity Associated Pathways. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and protein domain specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is NEFM.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NEFL Gene
Neurofilaments usually contain three intermediate filament proteins: NEFL, NEFM, and NEFH which are involved in the maintenance of neuronal caliber. May additionally cooperate with the neuronal intermediate filament proteins PRPH and INA to form neuronal filamentous networks (By similarity).