Aliases for NEFH Gene
External Ids for NEFH Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NEFH Gene
Neurofilaments are type IV intermediate filament heteropolymers composed of light, medium, and heavy chains. Neurofilaments comprise the axoskeleton and functionally maintain neuronal caliber. They may also play a role in intracellular transport to axons and dendrites. This gene encodes the heavy neurofilament protein. This protein is commonly used as a biomarker of neuronal damage and susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been associated with mutations in this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]
GeneCards Summary for NEFH Gene
NEFH (Neurofilament Heavy) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NEFH include Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Axonal, Type 2Cc and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 1. Among its related pathways are Association Between Physico-Chemical Features and Toxicity Associated Pathways and Pathways of neurodegeneration - multiple diseases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and microtubule binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NEFH Gene
Neurofilaments usually contain three intermediate filament proteins: NEFL, NEFM, and NEFH which are involved in the maintenance of neuronal caliber. NEFH has an important function in mature axons that is not subserved by the two smaller NF proteins. May additionally cooperate with the neuronal intermediate filament proteins PRPH and INA to form neuronal filamentous networks (By similarity).