External Ids for NCSTN Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NCSTN Gene
This gene encodes a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is an integral component of the multimeric gamma-secretase complex. The encoded protein cleaves integral membrane proteins, including Notch receptors and beta-amyloid precursor protein, and may be a stabilizing cofactor required for gamma-secretase complex assembly. The cleavage of beta-amyloid precursor protein yields amyloid beta peptide, the main component of the neuritic plaque and the hallmark lesion in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease; however, the nature of the encoded protein's role in Alzheimer's disease is not known for certain. Mutations in this gene are associated with familial acne inversa. A pseudogene of this gene is present on chromosome 21. Alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]
GeneCards Summary for NCSTN Gene
NCSTN (Nicastrin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NCSTN include Acne Inversa, Familial, 1 and Hidradenitis Suppurativa. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and ERK Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include peptidase activity and endopeptidase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NCSTN Gene
Essential subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (amyloid-beta precursor protein) (PubMed:10993067, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). The gamma-secretase complex plays a role in Notch and Wnt signaling cascades and regulation of downstream processes via its role in processing key regulatory proteins, and by regulating cytosolic CTNNB1 levels.