External Ids for NANOG Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NANOG Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a DNA binding homeobox transcription factor involved in embryonic stem (ES) cell proliferation, renewal, and pluripotency. The encoded protein can block ES cell differentiation and can also autorepress its own expression in differentiating cells. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
GeneCards Summary for NANOG Gene
NANOG (Nanog Homeobox) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NANOG include Teratocarcinoma and Germ Cell And Embryonal Cancer. Among its related pathways are Cytokine Signaling in Immune system and Mesodermal Commitment Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA binding transcription factor activity and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is NANOGP8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NANOG Gene
Transcription regulator involved in inner cell mass and embryonic stem (ES) cells proliferation and self-renewal. Imposes pluripotency on ES cells and prevents their differentiation towards extraembryonic endoderm and trophectoderm lineages. Blocks bone morphogenetic protein-induced mesoderm differentiation of ES cells by physically interacting with SMAD1 and interfering with the recruitment of coactivators to the active SMAD transcriptional complexes. Acts as a transcriptional activator or repressor. Binds optimally to the DNA consensus sequence 5-TAAT[GT][GT]-3 or 5-[CG][GA][CG]C[GC]ATTAN[GC]-3. Binds to the POU5F1/OCT4 promoter (PubMed:25825768). Able to autorepress its expression in differentiating (ES) cells: binds to its own promoter following interaction with ZNF281/ZFP281, leading to recruitment of the NuRD complex and subsequent repression of expression. When overexpressed, promotes cells to enter into S phase and proliferation.