Aliases for MYO6 Gene
External Ids for MYO6 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MYO6 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYO6 Gene
This gene encodes a reverse-direction motor protein that moves toward the minus end of actin filaments and plays a role in intracellular vesicle and organelle transport. The protein consists of a motor domain containing an ATP- and an actin-binding site and a globular tail which interacts with other proteins. This protein maintains the structural integrity of inner ear hair cells and mutations in this gene cause non-syndromic autosomal dominant and recessive hearing loss. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]
GeneCards Summary for MYO6 Gene
MYO6 (Myosin VI) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYO6 include Deafness, Autosomal Dominant 22 and Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 37. Among its related pathways are Transmission across Chemical Synapses and Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include actin binding and actin filament binding. An important paralog of this gene is MYO7A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MYO6 Gene
Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity (By similarity). Unconventional myosins serve in intracellular movements (By similarity). Myosin 6 is a reverse-direction motor protein that moves towards the minus-end of actin filaments (PubMed:10519557). Has slow rate of actin-activated ADP release due to weak ATP binding (By similarity). Functions in a variety of intracellular processes such as vesicular membrane trafficking and cell migration (By similarity). Required for the structural integrity of the Golgi apparatus via the p53-dependent pro-survival pathway (PubMed:16507995). Appears to be involved in a very early step of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in polarized epithelial cells (PubMed:11447109). May act as a regulator of F-actin dynamics (By similarity). As part of the DISP complex, may regulate the association of septins with actin and thereby regulate the actin cytoskeleton (PubMed:29467281). May play a role in transporting DAB2 from the plasma membrane to specific cellular targets (By similarity). May play a role in the extension and network organization of neurites (By similarity). Required for structural integrity of inner ear hair cells (By similarity). Modulates RNA polymerase II-dependent transcription (PubMed:16949370).