Aliases for MYO1G Gene
External Ids for MYO1G Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYO1G Gene
MYO1G is a plasma membrane-associated class I myosin (see MIM 601478) that is abundant in T and B lymphocytes and mast cells (Pierce et al., 2001 [PubMed 11544309]; Patino-Lopez et al., 2010 [PubMed 20071333]).[supplied by OMIM, Jun 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MYO1G Gene
MYO1G (Myosin IG) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are PAK Pathway and ERK Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include actin binding and motor activity. An important paralog of this gene is MYO1D.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYO1G Gene
Unconventional myosin required during immune response for detection of rare antigen-presenting cells by regulating T-cell migration. Unconventional myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity and serve in intracellular movements. Acts as a regulator of T-cell migration by generating membrane tension, enforcing cell-intrinsic meandering search, thereby enhancing detection of rare antigens during lymph-node surveillance, enabling pathogen eradication. Also required in B-cells, where it regulates different membrane/cytoskeleton-dependent processes. Involved in Fc-gamma receptor (Fc-gamma-R) phagocytosis.
Minor histocompatibility antigen HA-2: Constitutes the minor histocompatibility antigen HA-2. More generally, minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) refer to immunogenic peptide which, when complexed with MHC, can generate an immune response after recognition by specific T-cells. The peptides are derived from polymorphic intracellular proteins, which are cleaved by normal pathways of antigen processing. The binding of these peptides to MHC class I or class II molecules and their expression on the cell surface can stimulate T-cell responses and thereby trigger graft rejection or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from HLA-identical sibling donor. GVHD is a frequent complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), due to mismatch of minor histocompatibility antigen in HLA-matched sibling marrow transplants. HA-2 is restricted to MHC class I HLA-A*0201.