Aliases for MYO10 Gene
External Ids for MYO10 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYO10 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the myosin superfamily. The protein represents an unconventional myosin; it should not be confused with the conventional non-muscle myosin-10 (MYH10). Unconventional myosins contain the basic domains of conventional myosins and are further distinguished from class members by their tail domains. This gene functions as an actin-based molecular motor and plays a role in integration of F-actin and microtubule cytoskeletons during meiosis. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]
GeneCards Summary for MYO10 Gene
MYO10 (Myosin X) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYO10 include Anterior Segment Dysgenesis 5 and Usher Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Netrin-1 signaling and Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calmodulin binding and motor activity. An important paralog of this gene is MYO15A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MYO10 Gene
Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity. Unconventional myosins serve in intracellular movements. MYO10 binds to actin filaments and actin bundles and functions as plus end-directed motor. The tail domain binds to membranous compartments containing phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate or integrins, and mediates cargo transport along actin filaments. Regulates cell shape, cell spreading and cell adhesion. Stimulates the formation and elongation of filopodia. May play a role in neurite outgrowth and axon guidance. In hippocampal neurons it induces the formation of dendritic filopodia by trafficking the actin-remodeling protein VASP to the tips of filopodia, where it promotes actin elongation. Plays a role in formation of the podosome belt in osteoclasts.
[Isoform Headless]: Functions as a dominant-negative regulator of isoform 1, suppressing its filopodia-inducing and axon outgrowth-promoting activities. In hippocampal neurons, it increases VASP retention in spine heads to induce spine formation and spine head expansion (By similarity).