Aliases for MYO10 Gene
External Ids for MYO10 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYO10 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the myosin superfamily. The protein represents an unconventional myosin; it should not be confused with the conventional non-muscle myosin-10 (MYH10). Unconventional myosins contain the basic domains of conventional myosins and are further distinguished from class members by their tail domains. This gene functions as an actin-based molecular motor and plays a role in integration of F-actin and microtubule cytoskeletons during meiosis. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]
GeneCards Summary for MYO10 Gene
MYO10 (Myosin X) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYO10 include Usher Syndrome, Type I. Among its related pathways are Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calmodulin binding and motor activity. An important paralog of this gene is MYO15A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYO10 Gene
Myosins are actin-based motor molecules with ATPase activity. Unconventional myosins serve in intracellular movements. MYO10 binds to actin filaments and actin bundles and functions as plus end-directed motor. The tail domain binds to membranous compartments containing phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate or integrins, and mediates cargo transport along actin filaments. Regulates cell shape, cell spreading and cell adhesion. Stimulates the formation and elongation of filopodia. May play a role in neurite outgrowth and axon guidance. In hippocampal neurons it induces the formation of dendritic filopodia by trafficking the actin-remodeling protein VASP to the tips of filopodia, where it promotes actin elongation. Plays a role in formation of the podosome belt in osteoclasts.
Isoform Headless: Functions as a dominant-negative regulator of isoform 1, suppressing its filopodia-inducing and axon outgrowth-promoting activities. In hippocampal neurons, it increases VASP retention in spine heads to induce spine formation and spine head expansion (By similarity).