Aliases for MYH11 Gene
External Ids for MYH11 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYH11 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a smooth muscle myosin belonging to the myosin heavy chain family. The gene product is a subunit of a hexameric protein that consists of two heavy chain subunits and two pairs of non-identical light chain subunits. It functions as a major contractile protein, converting chemical energy into mechanical energy through the hydrolysis of ATP. The gene encoding a human ortholog of rat NUDE1 is transcribed from the reverse strand of this gene, and its 3' end overlaps with that of the latter. The pericentric inversion of chromosome 16 [inv(16)(p13q22)] produces a chimeric transcript that encodes a protein consisting of the first 165 residues from the N terminus of core-binding factor beta in a fusion with the C-terminal portion of the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain. This chromosomal rearrangement is associated with acute myeloid leukemia of the M4Eo subtype. Alternative splicing generates isoforms that are differentially expressed, with ratios changing during muscle cell maturation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MYH11 Gene
MYH11 (Myosin Heavy Chain 11) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYH11 include Aortic Aneurysm, Familial Thoracic 4 and Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Abnormal Bone Marrow Eosinophils Inv(16)(P13q22) Or T(16;16)(P13;Q22). Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and Cytoskeleton remodeling Regulation of actin cytoskeleton by Rho GTPases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calmodulin binding and motor activity. An important paralog of this gene is MYH9.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MYH11 Gene
Myosins are a large family of motor proteins that share the common features of ATP hydrolysis (ATPase enzyme activity), actin binding and potential for kinetic energy transduction. Originally isolated from muscle cells, almost all eukaryotic cells are known to contain myosins.