Aliases for MYD88 Gene
External Ids for MYD88 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYD88 Gene
This gene encodes a cytosolic adapter protein that plays a central role in the innate and adaptive immune response. This protein functions as an essential signal transducer in the interleukin-1 and Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. These pathways regulate that activation of numerous proinflammatory genes. The encoded protein consists of an N-terminal death domain and a C-terminal Toll-interleukin1 receptor domain. Patients with defects in this gene have an increased susceptibility to pyogenic bacterial infections. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MYD88 Gene
MYD88 (MYD88 Innate Immune Signal Transduction Adaptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYD88 include Immunodeficiency 68 and Macroglobulinemia, Waldenstrom 1. Among its related pathways are IL-1 signaling pathway and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and death receptor binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MYD88 Gene
Adapter protein involved in the Toll-like receptor and IL-1 receptor signaling pathway in the innate immune response (PubMed:15361868, PubMed:18292575). Acts via IRAK1, IRAK2, IRF7 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response (PubMed:15361868, PubMed:24316379, PubMed:19506249). Increases IL-8 transcription (PubMed:9013863). Involved in IL-18-mediated signaling pathway. Activates IRF1 resulting in its rapid migration into the nucleus to mediate an efficient induction of IFN-beta, NOS2/INOS, and IL12A genes. MyD88-mediated signaling in intestinal epithelial cells is crucial for maintenance of gut homeostasis and controls the expression of the antimicrobial lectin REG3G in the small intestine (By similarity).