Aliases for MYCBP2 Gene
External Ids for MYCBP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MYCBP2 Gene
This gene encodes an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase and member of the PHR (Phr1/MYCBP2, highwire and RPM-1) family of proteins. The encoded protein plays a role in axon guidance and synapse formation in the developing nervous system. In mammalian cells, this protein regulates the cAMP and mTOR signaling pathways, and may additionally regulate autophagy. Reduced expression of this gene has been observed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients and a mutation in this gene has been identified in patients with a rare inherited vision defect. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2017]
GeneCards Summary for MYCBP2 Gene
MYCBP2 (MYC Binding Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MYCBP2 include Reticulate Acropigmentation Of Kitamura and Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease. Among its related pathways are Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is FBXO24.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MYCBP2 Gene
Atypical E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which specifically mediates ubiquitination of threonine and serine residues on target proteins, instead of ubiquitinating lysine residues (PubMed:29643511). Shows esterification activity towards both threonine and serine, with a preference for threonine, and acts via two essential catalytic cysteine residues that relay ubiquitin to its substrate via thioester intermediates (PubMed:29643511). Interacts with the E2 enzymes UBE2D1, UBE2D3, UBE2E1 and UBE2L3 (PubMed:18308511, PubMed:29643511). Plays a key role in neural development, probably by mediating ubiquitination of threonine residues on target proteins (Probable). Involved in different processes such as regulation of neurite outgrowth, synaptic growth, synaptogenesis and axon degeneration (By similarity). Required for the formation of major central nervous system axon tracts (By similarity). Required for proper axon growth by regulating axon navigation and axon branching: acts by regulating the subcellular location and stability of MAP3K12/DLK (By similarity). Required for proper localization of retinogeniculate projections but not for eye-specific segregation (By similarity). Regulates axon guidance in the olfactory system (By similarity). Involved in Wallerian axon degeneration, an evolutionarily conserved process that drives the loss of damaged axons: acts by promoting destabilization of NMNAT2, probably via ubiquitination of NMNAT2 (By similarity). Catalyzes ubiquitination of threonine and/or serine residues on NMNAT2, consequences of threonine and/or serine ubiquitination are however unknown (PubMed:29643511). Regulates the internalization of TRPV1 in peripheral sensory neurons (By similarity). Mediates ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of TSC2/tuberin (PubMed:18308511, PubMed:27278822). Independently of the E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity, also acts as a guanosine exchange factor (GEF) for RAN in neurons of dorsal root ganglia (PubMed:26304119). May function as a facilitator or regulator of transcriptional activation by MYC (PubMed:9689053). Acts in concert with HUWE1 to regulate the circadian clock gene expression by promoting the lithium-induced ubiquination and degradation of NR1D1 (PubMed:20534529).