Aliases for MT-CO2 Gene
External Ids for MT-CO2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MT-CO2 Gene
GeneCards Summary for MT-CO2 Gene
MT-CO2 (Mitochondrially Encoded Cytochrome C Oxidase II) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MT-CO2 include Mitochondrial Complex Iv Deficiency, Nuclear Type 1 and Familial Colorectal Cancer. Among its related pathways are Pathways of neurodegeneration - multiple diseases and TP53 Regulates Metabolic Genes. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and cytochrome-c oxidase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MT-CO2 Gene
Component of the cytochrome c oxidase, the last enzyme in the mitochondrial electron transport chain which drives oxidative phosphorylation. The respiratory chain contains 3 multisubunit complexes succinate dehydrogenase (complex II, CII), ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase (cytochrome b-c1 complex, complex III, CIII) and cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV, CIV), that cooperate to transfer electrons derived from NADH and succinate to molecular oxygen, creating an electrochemical gradient over the inner membrane that drives transmembrane transport and the ATP synthase. Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Electrons originating from reduced cytochrome c in the intermembrane space (IMS) are transferred via the dinuclear copper A center (CU(A)) of subunit 2 and heme A of subunit 1 to the active site in subunit 1, a binuclear center (BNC) formed by heme A3 and copper B (CU(B)). The BNC reduces molecular oxygen to 2 water molecules using 4 electrons from cytochrome c in the IMS and 4 protons from the mitochondrial matrix.