Aliases for MSR1 Gene
External Ids for MSR1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MSR1 Gene
This gene encodes the class A macrophage scavenger receptors, which include three different types (1, 2, 3) generated by alternative splicing of this gene. These receptors or isoforms are macrophage-specific trimeric integral membrane glycoproteins and have been implicated in many macrophage-associated physiological and pathological processes including atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and host defense. The isoforms type 1 and type 2 are functional receptors and are able to mediate the endocytosis of modified low density lipoproteins (LDLs). The isoform type 3 does not internalize modified LDL (acetyl-LDL) despite having the domain shown to mediate this function in the types 1 and 2 isoforms. It has an altered intracellular processing and is trapped within the endoplasmic reticulum, making it unable to perform endocytosis. The isoform type 3 can inhibit the function of isoforms type 1 and type 2 when co-expressed, indicating a dominant negative effect and suggesting a mechanism for regulation of scavenger receptor activity in macrophages. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MSR1 Gene
MSR1 (Macrophage Scavenger Receptor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MSR1 include Barrett Esophagus and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Among its related pathways are Phagocytosis of Microbes and Vesicle-mediated transport. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and scavenger receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is SCARA5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MSR1 Gene
Membrane glycoproteins implicated in the pathologic deposition of cholesterol in arterial walls during atherogenesis. Two types of receptor subunits exist. These receptors mediate the endocytosis of a diverse group of macromolecules, including modified low density lipoproteins (LDL) (PubMed:2251254). Isoform III does not internalize acetylated LDL (PubMed:9548586).