Aliases for MRPS34 Gene
External Ids for MRPS34 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPS34 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]
GeneCards Summary for MRPS34 Gene
MRPS34 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein S34) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPS34 include Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency 32 and Leigh Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MRPS34 Gene
Required for mitochondrial translation, plays a role in maintaining the stability of the small ribosomal subunit and the 12S rRNA that are required for mitoribosome formation.