Aliases for MRPS27 Gene
External Ids for MRPS27 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPS27 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein that may be a functional partner of the death associated protein 3 (DAP3). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]
GeneCards Summary for MRPS27 Gene
MRPS27 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein S27) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPS27 include Mitochondrial Complex Iv Deficiency, Nuclear Type 1 and Leigh Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MRPS27 Gene
RNA-binding component of the mitochondrial small ribosomal subunit (mt-SSU) that plays a role in mitochondrial protein synthesis (PubMed:22841715). Stimulates mitochondrial mRNA translation of subunit components of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (PubMed:22841715). Binds to the mitochondrial 12S rRNA (12S mt-rRNA) and tRNA(Glu) (PubMed:22841715). Involved also in positive regulation of cell proliferation and tumor cell growth (PubMed:28714366).