Aliases for MRPS16 Gene
External Ids for MRPS16 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPS16 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein that belongs to the ribosomal protein S16P family. The encoded protein is one of the most highly conserved ribosomal proteins between mammalian and yeast mitochondria. Three pseudogenes (located at 8q21.3, 20q13.32, 22q12-q13.1) for this gene have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MRPS16 Gene
MRPS16 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein S16) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPS16 include Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency 2 and Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Viral mRNA Translation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome.