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Aliases for MRPL55 Gene

Aliases for MRPL55 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L55 2 3 5
  • Mitochondrial Large Ribosomal Subunit Protein BL31m 3 4
  • Mitochondrial Large Ribosomal Subunit Protein ML55 3 4
  • MRP-L55 3 4
  • L55mt 3 4
  • 39S Ribosomal Protein L55, Mitochondrial 3
  • AAVG5835 3
  • PRO19675 3
  • L55nt 3

External Ids for MRPL55 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL55 Gene

  • GC01U990459
  • GC01M224679
  • GC01M225269
  • GC01M224601
  • GC01M226361
  • GC01M228294
  • GC01M198809

Summaries for MRPL55 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL55 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Multiple transcript variants encoding two different isoforms were identified through sequence analysis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL55 Gene

MRPL55 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L55) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Mitochondrial translation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome.

Gene Wiki entry for MRPL55 Gene

Additional gene information for MRPL55 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL55 Gene

Genomics for MRPL55 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for MRPL55 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for MRPL55 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01I228108 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 561.1 +1.0 969 3.8 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 MRPL55 GC01P228109 C1orf35 OBSCN CICP26 CDC42BPA ZNF678 OBSCN-AS1 ENSG00000269934
GH01I228137 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.6 -31.1 -31112 8.8 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 POLR2B E2F8 GUK1 OBSCN CICP26 CDC42BPA ENSG00000269890 OBSCN-AS1 FAM96AP2 MRPL55 JMJD4 HIST3H3
GH01I227314 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 +794.0 793991 5.8 PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 CDC42BPA CICP26 ZNF678 ENSG00000269890 MRPL55 GC01M227291
GH01I228455 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 -346.9 -346948 4.2 CLOCK FEZF1 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 ZFP41 ZNF610 GLIS1 NBN HIST3H2BB GC01M228457 HIST3H2A CICP26 C1orf35 ENSG00000269890 ZNF678 HIST3H3 LOC105373159 JMJD4
GH01I228485 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 -376.6 -376594 3.3 CLOCK FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 RNF187 ENSG00000279306 CICP26 ZNF678 C1orf35 ENSG00000269890 MRPL55 GJC2 LOC105373124
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around MRPL55 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the MRPL55 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for MRPL55 Gene

Genomic Locations for MRPL55 Gene
4,275 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MRPL55 Gene

Genes around MRPL55 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MRPL55 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MRPL55 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL55 Gene

Proteins for MRPL55 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL55 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L55, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5TBY3
    • Q5TBY6
    • Q6UWI8

    Protein attributes for MRPL55 Gene

    128 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15128 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit (mt-LSU). Mature mammalian 55S mitochondrial ribosomes consist of a small (28S) and a large (39S) subunit. The 28S small subunit contains a 12S ribosomal RNA (12S mt-rRNA) and 30 different proteins. The 39S large subunit contains a 16S rRNA (16S mt-rRNA), a copy of mitochondrial valine transfer RNA (mt-tRNA(Val)), which plays an integral structural role, and 52 different proteins.
    • Sequence=CAI23115.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAI23118.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL55 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for MRPL55 Gene


neXtProt entry for MRPL55 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MRPL55 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL55 Gene

Domains & Families for MRPL55 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL55 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins
  • Ribosomal proteins

Protein Domains for MRPL55 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL55 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the mitochondrion-specific ribosomal protein mL55 family.
  • Belongs to the mitochondrion-specific ribosomal protein mL55 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL55: view

Function for MRPL55 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for MRPL55 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MRPL55 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003735 structural constituent of ribosome ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL55: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL55: view

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL55 Gene

Localization for MRPL55 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL55 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL55 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
golgi apparatus 2
peroxisome 1
cytosol 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Golgi apparatus (2)
  • Vesicles (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL55 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005762 mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit ISS --
GO:0005840 ribosome IEA --
GO:0030529 intracellular ribonucleoprotein complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL55: view

Pathways & Interactions for MRPL55 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL55: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL55 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation ISS --
GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation TAS --
GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL55: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MRPL55 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MRPL55 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MRPL55 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MRPL55 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L55:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL55 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e · 8f · 8g
SP1: -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP9: - - - - - - - - - -
SP10: - - - - - - - - -
SP12: - -
SP13: - - - - - -
SP14: - - - -
SP15: - -
SP16: - -
SP17: - -

Relevant External Links for MRPL55 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL55 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MRPL55 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MRPL55 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (23.8), Breast (21.2), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (9.5), and Pancreas (6.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for MRPL55 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MRPL55 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MRPL55 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL55 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MRPL55 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.6)
  • Lung(2.7)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MRPL55: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MRPL55 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL55 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MRPL55 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL55 33 34
  • 99.48 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl55 33
  • 77.07 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MRPL55 33 34
  • 76.96 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl55 33 16 34
  • 76.27 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL55 34
  • 68 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MRPL55 34
  • 59 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MRPL55 33 34
  • 62.5 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MRPL55 34
  • 46 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mrpl55 33
  • 54.4 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:171480 33
  • 53.07 (n)
MRPL55 34
  • 38 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta mRpL55 34
  • 36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7221 34
  • 24 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MRPL55 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MRPL55 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL55 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL55 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL55 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL55 Gene

Variants for MRPL55 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL55 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000496843 -- 228,109,242(-) A/G 5_prime_UTR_variant, intron_variant
rs1001112946 -- 228,107,406(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1001754115 -- 228,110,706(-) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1002092502 -- 228,109,099(-) G/C intron_variant
rs1003887443 -- 228,109,274(-) G/C 5_prime_UTR_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL55 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv32853 CNV gain 17666407
nsv1160102 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv482143 CNV gain 20164927
nsv516409 CNV loss 19592680
nsv523935 CNV loss 19592680
nsv826908 CNV gain 20364138
nsv832803 CNV loss 17160897
nsv952136 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for MRPL55 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 73.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.79; 47.37% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for MRPL55 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL55 Gene

Disorders for MRPL55 Gene

Additional Disease Information for MRPL55

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for MRPL55 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MRPL55 Gene

Publications for MRPL55 Gene

  1. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 44 58
  2. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory SG … Prigmore E (Nature 2006) 3 4 58
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  4. The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. (PMID: 12975309) Clark HF … Gray A (Genome research 2003) 3 4 58
  5. The large subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Analysis of the complement of ribosomal proteins present. (PMID: 11551941) Koc EC … Spremulli LL (The Journal of biological chemistry 2001) 3 4 58

Products for MRPL55 Gene

Sources for MRPL55 Gene

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