Aliases for MRPL44 Gene
External Ids for MRPL44 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL44 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MRPL44 Gene
MRPL44 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L44) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPL44 include Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency 16 and Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency 1. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ribonuclease III activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MRPL44 Gene
Component of the 39S subunit of mitochondrial ribosome. May have a function in the assembly/stability of nascent mitochondrial polypeptides exiting the ribosome.