Aliases for MRPL40 Gene
External Ids for MRPL40 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MRPL40 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL40 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Deletions in this gene may contribute to the etiology of velo-cardio-facial syndrome and DiGeorge syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MRPL40 Gene
MRPL40 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L40) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPL40 include Velocardiofacial Syndrome and Chromosome 6Q24-Q25 Deletion Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance.