Aliases for MRPL23 Gene
External Ids for MRPL23 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MRPL23 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL23 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. The gene is biallelically expressed, despite its location within a region of imprinted genes on chromosome 11. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MRPL23 Gene
MRPL23 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L23) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPL23 include Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome and Wilson-Turner X-Linked Mental Retardation Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Viral mRNA Translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include RNA binding and structural constituent of ribosome. An important paralog of this gene is LOC107987373.