Aliases for MORC2 Gene
External Ids for MORC2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MORC2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MORC2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the Microrchidia (MORC) protein superfamily. The encoded protein is known to regulate the condensation of heterochromatin in response to DNA damage and play a role in repressing transcription. The protein has been found to regulate the activity of ATP citrate lyase via specific interaction with this enzyme in the cytosol of lipogenic breast cancer cells. The protein also plays a role in lipogenesis and adipocyte differentiation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
GeneCards Summary for MORC2 Gene
MORC2 (MORC Family CW-Type Zinc Finger 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MORC2 include Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Axonal, Type 2Z and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is MORC1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MORC2 Gene
Essential for epigenetic silencing by the HUSH (human silencing hub) complex. Recruited by HUSH to target site in heterochromatin, the ATPase activity and homodimerization are critical for HUSH-mediated silencing (PubMed:28581500, PubMed:29440755). Represses germ cell-related genes and L1 retrotransposons in collaboration with SETDB1 and the HUSH complex, the silencing is dependent of repressive epigenetic modifications, such as H3K9me3 mark. Silencing events often occur within introns of transcriptionally active genes, and lead to the down-regulation of host gene expression (PubMed:29211708). During DNA damage response, regulates chromatin remodeling through ATP hydrolysis. Upon DNA damage, is phosphorylated by PAK1, both colocalize to chromatin and induce H2AX expression. ATPase activity is required and dependent of phosphorylation by PAK1 and presence of DNA (PubMed:23260667). Recruits histone deacetylases, such as HDAC4, to promoter regions, causing local histone H3 deacetylation and transcriptional repression of genes such as CA9 (PubMed:20225202, PubMed:20110259). Exhibits a cytosolic function in lipogenesis, adipogenic differentiation, and lipid homeostasis by increasing the activity of ACLY, possibly preventing its dephosphorylation (PubMed:24286864).