Aliases for MOCOS Gene
External Ids for MOCOS Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MOCOS Gene
This gene encodes an enzyme that sulfurates the molybdenum cofactor which is required for activation of the xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and aldehyde oxidase (AO) enzymes. XDH catalyzes the conversion of hypoxanthine to uric acid via xanthine, as well as the conversion of allopurinol to oxypurinol, and pyrazinamide to 5-hydroxy pyrazinamide. Mutations in this gene cause the metabolic disorder classical xanthinuria type II which is characterized by the loss of XDH/XO and AO enzyme activity, decreased levels of uric acid in the urine, increased levels of xanthine and hypoxanthine in the serum and urine, formation of xanthine stones in the urinary tract, and myositis due to tissue deposition of xanthine. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]
GeneCards Summary for MOCOS Gene
MOCOS (Molybdenum Cofactor Sulfurase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MOCOS include Xanthinuria, Type Ii and Hereditary Xanthinuria. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors and Allopurinol Pathway, Pharmacokinetics. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity and lyase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MTARC1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MOCOS Gene
Sulfurates the molybdenum cofactor. Sulfation of molybdenum is essential for xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and aldehyde oxidase (ADO) enzymes in which molybdenum cofactor is liganded by 1 oxygen and 1 sulfur atom in active form. In vitro, the C-terminal domain is able to reduce N-hydroxylated prodrugs, such as benzamidoxime.