Aliases for MMP9 Gene
External Ids for MMP9 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MMP9 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MMP9 Gene
Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. Most MMP's are secreted as inactive proproteins which are activated when cleaved by extracellular proteinases. The enzyme encoded by this gene degrades type IV and V collagens. Studies in rhesus monkeys suggest that the enzyme is involved in IL-8-induced mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells from bone marrow, and murine studies suggest a role in tumor-associated tissue remodeling. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MMP9 Gene
MMP9 (Matrix Metallopeptidase 9) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MMP9 include Metaphyseal Anadysplasia 2 and Metaphyseal Anadysplasia. Among its related pathways are Regulation of Wnt-mediated beta catenin signaling and target gene transcription and Transcriptional misregulation in cancer. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and metalloendopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MMP2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MMP9 Gene
May play an essential role in local proteolysis of the extracellular matrix and in leukocyte migration. Could play a role in bone osteoclastic resorption. Cleaves KiSS1 at a Gly-|-Leu bond. Cleaves type IV and type V collagen into large C-terminal three quarter fragments and shorter N-terminal one quarter fragments. Degrades fibronectin but not laminin or Pz-peptide.
Matrix metalloproteases (matrix metalloproteinase, MMPs), also called matrixins, are zinc-dependent endopeptidases and the major proteases in ECM degradation. MMPs are capable of degrading several extracellular molecules and a number of bioactive molecules.