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Aliases for MMP28 Gene

Aliases for MMP28 Gene

  • Matrix Metallopeptidase 28 2 3 5
  • EPILYSIN 3 4
  • MMP-28 3 4
  • MMP25 3 4
  • Matrix Metalloprotease MMP25 3
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 28 2
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase-28 3
  • EC 3.4.24.- 4
  • MMP-25 3
  • MM28 3

External Ids for MMP28 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MMP28 Gene

  • GC17M033862
  • GC17M036128
  • GC17M034238
  • GC17M031116
  • GC17M034092
  • GC17M030278

Summaries for MMP28 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MMP28 Gene

  • Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix for both normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction and tissue remodeling, and disease processes, such as asthma and metastasis. This gene encodes a secreted enzyme that degrades casein. Its expression pattern suggests that it plays a role in tissue homeostasis and in wound repair. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

GeneCards Summary for MMP28 Gene

MMP28 (Matrix Metallopeptidase 28) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Matrix Metalloproteinases and Integrin Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and metallopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MMP19.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MMP28 Gene

  • Can degrade casein. Could play a role in tissues homeostasis and repair.

Tocris Summary for MMP28 Gene

  • Matrix metalloproteases (matrix metalloproteinase, MMPs), also called matrixins, are zinc-dependent endopeptidases and the major proteases in ECM degradation. MMPs are capable of degrading several extracellular molecules and a number of bioactive molecules.

Gene Wiki entry for MMP28 Gene

Additional gene information for MMP28 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MMP28 Gene

Genomics for MMP28 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for MMP28 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for MMP28 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH17I035794 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 +0.5 498 1.2 SIN3A ZNF335 ZNF121 GLIS2 EGR1 KLF7 ZNF548 CEBPB ZNF398 ZEB2 GC17P035797 GC17P035798 PIR58663 MMP28 ZNF830 LIG3 GC17P035762 TAF15
GH17I035807 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 9.1 -13.6 -13646 3.9 PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 ENSG00000270829 TAF15 C17orf50 GAS2L2 LIG3 MMP28 HEATR9 RDM1 AP2B1 ENSG00000270894
GH17I035783 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.2 +9.2 9222 6.9 FOXA2 ZSCAN4 ZNF133 KLF17 YY1 ZEB1 ZNF335 RCOR1 FOS ATF7 C17orf50 GAS2L2 TAF15 RASL10B MMP28 RDM1 HEATR9 GC17P035762
GH17I035725 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.8 +69.2 69221 2.4 PKNOX1 NFIB FEZF1 ZNF48 ZNF335 ZNF366 SCRT2 ZNF350 CEBPB ZEB2 AP2B1 ZNF830 C17orf50 MMP28 LIG3 GAS2L2 RASL10B RPL17P42 TAF15
GH17I035712 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.1 +82.1 82144 2 ELF3 SOX13 SAP130 JUN MAX RAD21 RARA YY1 TEAD3 HNF4G TAF15 MMP28 AP2B1 LOC100420062 PIR37925
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around MMP28 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the MMP28 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for MMP28 Gene

Genomic Locations for MMP28 Gene
39,459 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MMP28 Gene

Genes around MMP28 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MMP28 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MMP28 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MMP28 Gene

Proteins for MMP28 Gene

  • Protein details for MMP28 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Matrix metalloproteinase-28
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q96F04
    • Q96TE2

    Protein attributes for MMP28 Gene

    520 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    58939 Da
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108;
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for MMP28 Gene


neXtProt entry for MMP28 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MMP28 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MMP28 Gene

Domains & Families for MMP28 Gene

Gene Families for MMP28 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MMP28 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The conserved cysteine present in the cysteine-switch motif binds the catalytic zinc ion, thus inhibiting the enzyme. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.
  • Belongs to the peptidase M10A family.
  • The conserved cysteine present in the cysteine-switch motif binds the catalytic zinc ion, thus inhibiting the enzyme. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.
  • Belongs to the peptidase M10A family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MMP28: view

Function for MMP28 Gene

Molecular function for MMP28 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Can degrade casein. Could play a role in tissues homeostasis and repair.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MMP28 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MMP28 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004222 metalloendopeptidase activity TAS 11121398
GO:0008233 peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0008237 metallopeptidase activity IEA --
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MMP28: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MMP28: view

Animal Models for MMP28 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MMP28:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MMP28 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MMP28

Clone Products

No data available for Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MMP28 Gene

Localization for MMP28 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MMP28 Gene

Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MMP28 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MMP28 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005578 proteinaceous extracellular matrix NAS 11121398
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0031012 extracellular matrix IDA 27068509
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MMP28: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for MMP28 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for MMP28 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MMP28: view

Pathways by source for MMP28 Gene

Interacting Proteins for MMP28 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MMP28 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0010760 negative regulation of macrophage chemotaxis IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MMP28: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MMP28 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MMP28 Gene

(6) Drugs for MMP28 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Marimastat Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, inhibitor MMPs inhibitor,board spectrum 4
calcium Approved Nutra 0

(1) Additional Compounds for MMP28 Gene - From:

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(3) Tocris Compounds for MMP28 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
ARP 100 Selective inhibitor of MMP-2 704888-90-4
ARP 101 Inhibitor of MMP-2 849773-63-3
PD 166793 Broad spectrum MMP inhibitor 199850-67-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MMP28: view

Transcripts for MMP28 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MMP28 Gene

Matrix metallopeptidase 28:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MMP28 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MMP28 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MMP28 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MMP28 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MMP28 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (63.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for MMP28 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MMP28 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MMP28 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MMP28 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MMP28 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed at high levels in testes and lung. Low levels are detected in kidney, pancreas and skin. Also expressed in fetal lung, brain, skeletal muscle and kidney. Expressed selectively in keratinocytes. Widely expressed in several carcinomas as well. Is up-regulated in response to injury in the skin.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MMP28 Gene

  • Lung(4.4)
  • Pancreas(4)
  • Skin(2.4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MMP28: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MMP28 Gene

Orthologs for MMP28 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MMP28 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MMP28 33
  • 87.82 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mmp28 33 16
  • 84.05 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100912318 33
  • 84 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MMP28 33
  • 78.61 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MMP28 33
  • 65.89 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mmp28 33
  • 58.53 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68506 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100005670 33
  • 59.53 (n)
Species where no ortholog for MMP28 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MMP28 Gene

Gene Tree for MMP28 (if available)
Gene Tree for MMP28 (if available)

Paralogs for MMP28 Gene

Paralogs for MMP28 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for MMP28 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MMP28: view

Variants for MMP28 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MMP28 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000026322 -- 35,770,282(-) C/A/T coding_sequence_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1000041298 -- 35,785,733(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000231544 -- 35,768,768(-) C/A genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000355399 -- 35,782,263(-) G/C intron_variant
rs1000431161 -- 35,782,655(-) A/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MMP28 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3892999 CNV loss 25118596
esv3640457 CNV gain 21293372

Variation tolerance for MMP28 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 67.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.89; 18.45% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for MMP28 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MMP28 Gene

Disorders for MMP28 Gene

Additional Disease Information for MMP28

No disorders were found for MMP28 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MMP28 Gene

Publications for MMP28 Gene

  1. MMP-28, a new human matrix metalloproteinase with an unusual cysteine-switch sequence is widely expressed in tumors. (PMID: 11255011) Marchenko GN … Strongin AY (Gene 2001) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Epilysin, a novel human matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-28) expressed in testis and keratinocytes and in response to injury. (PMID: 11121398) Lohi J … Parks WC (The Journal of biological chemistry 2001) 2 3 4 22 58
  3. MMP28 gene expression is regulated by Sp1 transcription factor acetylation. (PMID: 20144149) Swingler TE … Clark IM (The Biochemical journal 2010) 3 22 58
  4. Matrix metalloproteinase 28, a novel matrix metalloproteinase, is constitutively expressed in human intervertebral disc tissue and is present in matrix of more degenerated discs. (PMID: 20003223) Gruber HE … Hanley EN (Arthritis research & therapy 2009) 3 22 58
  5. Expression and function of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-28. (PMID: 19375502) Rodgers UR … Clark IM (Matrix biology : journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 2009) 3 22 58

Products for MMP28 Gene

Sources for MMP28 Gene

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