Aliases for MMP25 Gene
External Ids for MMP25 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MMP25 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MMP25 Gene
Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. Most MMPs are secreted as inactive proproteins which are activated when cleaved by extracellular proteinases. However, the protein encoded by this gene is a member of the membrane-type MMP (MT-MMP) subfamily, attached to the plasma membrane via a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol anchor. In response to bacterial infection or inflammation, the encoded protein is thought to inactivate alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor, a major tissue protectant against proteolytic enzymes released by activated neutrophils, facilitating the transendothelial migration of neutrophils to inflammatory sites. The encoded protein may also play a role in tumor invasion and metastasis through activation of MMP2. The gene has previously been referred to as MMP20 but has been renamed MMP25. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MMP25 Gene
MMP25 (Matrix Metallopeptidase 25) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MMP25 include Teeth Hard Tissue Disease. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and Degradation of the extracellular matrix. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and metallopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MMP17.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MMP25 Gene
May activate progelatinase A.
Matrix metalloproteases (matrix metalloproteinase, MMPs), also called matrixins, are zinc-dependent endopeptidases and the major proteases in ECM degradation. MMPs are capable of degrading several extracellular molecules and a number of bioactive molecules.