Aliases for MMP2 Gene
- Matrix Metallopeptidase 2 2 3 5
- 72 KDa Type IV Collagenase 3 4
- Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 3 4
- EC 188.8.131.52 4 54
- CLG4A 3 4
- MMP-2 3 4
- TBE-1 3 4
- Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 (Gelatinase A, 72kDa Gelatinase, 72kDa Type IV Collagenase) 2
- Matrix Metallopeptidase 2 (Gelatinase A, 72kDa Gelatinase, 72kDa Type IV Collagenase) 3
External Ids for MMP2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MMP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MMP2 Gene
This gene is a member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene family, that are zinc-dependent enzymes capable of cleaving components of the extracellular matrix and molecules involved in signal transduction. The protein encoded by this gene is a gelatinase A, type IV collagenase, that contains three fibronectin type II repeats in its catalytic site that allow binding of denatured type IV and V collagen and elastin. Unlike most MMP family members, activation of this protein can occur on the cell membrane. This enzyme can be activated extracellularly by proteases, or, intracellulary by its S-glutathiolation with no requirement for proteolytical removal of the pro-domain. This protein is thought to be involved in multiple pathways including roles in the nervous system, endometrial menstrual breakdown, regulation of vascularization, and metastasis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Winchester syndrome and Nodulosis-Arthropathy-Osteolysis (NAO) syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]
GeneCards Summary for MMP2 Gene
MMP2 (Matrix Metallopeptidase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MMP2 include Multicentric Osteolysis, Nodulosis, And Arthropathy and Multicentric Osteolysis-Nodulosis-Arthropathy Spectrum. Among its related pathways are Transcription Androgen Receptor nuclear signaling and Matrix Metalloproteinases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity and metallopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MMP9.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MMP2 Gene
Ubiquitinous metalloproteinase that is involved in diverse functions such as remodeling of the vasculature, angiogenesis, tissue repair, tumor invasion, inflammation, and atherosclerotic plaque rupture. As well as degrading extracellular matrix proteins, can also act on several nonmatrix proteins such as big endothelial 1 and beta-type CGRP promoting vasoconstriction. Also cleaves KISS at a Gly- -Leu bond. Appears to have a role in myocardial cell death pathways. Contributes to myocardial oxidative stress by regulating the activity of GSK3beta. Cleaves GSK3beta in vitro. Involved in the formation of the fibrovascular tissues in association with MMP14.
PEX, the C-terminal non-catalytic fragment of MMP2, posseses anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor properties and inhibits cell migration and cell adhesion to FGF2 and vitronectin. Ligand for integrinv/beta3 on the surface of blood vessels.
Isoform 2: Mediates the proteolysis of CHUK/IKKA and initiates a primary innate immune response by inducing mitochondrial-nuclear stress signaling with activation of the pro-inflammatory NF-kappaB, NFAT and IRF transcriptional pathways.
Matrix metalloproteases (matrix metalloproteinase, MMPs), also called matrixins, are zinc-dependent endopeptidases and the major proteases in ECM degradation. MMPs are capable of degrading several extracellular molecules and a number of bioactive molecules.