Aliases for MMP1 Gene
External Ids for MMP1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MMP1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MMP1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the peptidase M10 family of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Proteins in this family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature protease. This secreted protease breaks down the interstitial collagens, including types I, II, and III. The gene is part of a cluster of MMP genes on chromosome 11. Mutations in this gene are associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes an isoform that is proteolytically processed. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
GeneCards Summary for MMP1 Gene
MMP1 (Matrix Metallopeptidase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MMP1 include Epidermolysis Bullosa Dystrophica, Autosomal Recessive and Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa. Among its related pathways are G-protein signaling Ras family GTPases in kinase cascades (scheme) and Degradation of the extracellular matrix. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and metallopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MMP8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MMP1 Gene
Cleaves collagens of types I, II, and III at one site in the helical domain. Also cleaves collagens of types VII and X (PubMed:2557822, PubMed:2153297, PubMed:1645757). In case of HIV infection, interacts and cleaves the secreted viral Tat protein, leading to a decrease in neuronal Tat's mediated neurotoxicity (PubMed:16807369).
Matrix metalloproteases (matrix metalloproteinase, MMPs), also called matrixins, are zinc-dependent endopeptidases and the major proteases in ECM degradation. MMPs are capable of degrading several extracellular molecules and a number of bioactive molecules.