Aliases for MME Gene
External Ids for MME Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MME Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein and a common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen that is an important cell surface marker in the diagnosis of human acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). The encoded protein is present on leukemic cells of pre-B phenotype, which represent 85% of cases of ALL. This protein is not restricted to leukemic cells, however, and is found on a variety of normal tissues. The protein is a neutral endopeptidase that cleaves peptides at the amino side of hydrophobic residues and inactivates several peptide hormones including glucagon, enkephalins, substance P, neurotensin, oxytocin, and bradykinin. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
GeneCards Summary for MME Gene
MME (Membrane Metalloendopeptidase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MME include Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Axonal, Type 2T and Spinocerebellar Ataxia 43. Among its related pathways are A-beta Pathways: Uptake and Degradation and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Differentiation Pathways and Lineage-specific Markers. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include peptidase activity and endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MMEL1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MME Gene
Thermolysin-like specificity, but is almost confined on acting on polypeptides of up to 30 amino acids (PubMed:15283675, PubMed:8168535). Biologically important in the destruction of opioid peptides such as Met- and Leu-enkephalins by cleavage of a Gly-Phe bond (PubMed:17101991). Able to cleave angiotensin-1, angiotensin-2 and angiotensin 1-9 (PubMed:15283675). Involved in the degradation of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and brain natriuretic factor (BNP(1-32)) (PubMed:2531377, PubMed:2972276, PubMed:16254193). Displays UV-inducible elastase activity toward skin preelastic and elastic fibers (PubMed:20876573).