Aliases for MKRN1 Gene
External Ids for MKRN1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MKRN1 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that belongs to a novel class of zinc finger proteins. The encoded protein functions as a transcriptional co-regulator, and as an E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of target proteins. The protein encoded by this gene is thought to regulate RNA polymerase II-catalyzed transcription. Substrates for this protein's E3 ubiquitin ligase activity include the capsid protein of the West Nile virus and the catalytic subunit of the telomerase ribonucleoprotein. This protein controls cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by regulating p21, a cell cycle regulator, and the tumor suppressor protein p53. Pseudogenes of this gene are present on chromosomes 1, 3, 9, 12 and 20, and on the X chromosome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]
GeneCards Summary for MKRN1 Gene
MKRN1 (Makorin Ring Finger Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MKRN1 include West Nile Virus and Pilocytic Astrocytoma Of Cerebellum. Among its related pathways are Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MKRN3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MKRN1 Gene
E3 ubiquitin ligase catalyzing the covalent attachment of ubiquitin moieties onto substrate proteins. These substrates include FILIP1, p53/TP53, CDKN1A and TERT. Keeps cells alive by suppressing p53/TP53 under normal conditions, but stimulates apoptosis by repressing CDKN1A under stress conditions. Acts as a negative regulator of telomerase. Has negative and positive effects on RNA polymerase II-dependent transcription.