microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The ... See more...

Aliases for MIR499A Gene

Subcategory (RNA class) for MIR499A Gene


Number of RNA Genes sources:

5 / 14

Aliases for MIR499A Gene

  • MicroRNA 499a 2 3 5
  • Hsa-MiR-499a-5p 166 177
  • Hsa-MiR-499a-3p 166 177
  • MicroRNA 499 2 3
  • Hsa-Mir-499a 3
  • MIMAT0004772 51
  • MIMAT0002870 51
  • Hsa-Mir-499 3
  • MI0003183 51
  • Mir-499a 3
  • MIRN499 3
  • RF00745 172
  • MIR499A 2
  • MIR499 3

External Ids for MIR499A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MIR499A Gene

  • MIRN499
  • MIR499

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIR499A Gene

  • GC20U900690
  • GC20P033579

Summaries for MIR499A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MIR499A Gene

  • microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

GeneCards Summary for MIR499A Gene

MIR499A (MicroRNA 499a) is an RNA Gene, and is affiliated with the miRNA class. Diseases associated with MIR499A include Acute Myocardial Infarction and Dilated Cardiomyopathy.

Rfam classification for MIR499A Gene

Additional gene information for MIR499A Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary and piRNA Summary for MIR499A Gene

Genomics for MIR499A Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for MIR499A Gene

Promoters and enhancers for MIR499A Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH20J035301 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 VISTA EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.9 +321.5 321479 20.9 CTCF ZSCAN5C TCF12 POLR2G USF1 JUND TEAD4 FOS ZNF639 ZNF10 UQCC1 EIF6 GDF5 MMP24 NCOA6 FAM83C-AS1 MMP24OS EDEM2 CEP250 MIR1289-1
GH20J034903 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.1 -84.0 -83976 5.6 JUND FOS ZNF639 EP300 REST MXI1 OSR2 BCL11A NR2F2 FOXA2 NCOA6 PIGU MIR499A EDEM2 MMP24 MMP24OS TRPC4AP ACSS2 TP53INP2 piR-59804-013
GH20J034943 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 -45.4 -45434 2.8 EP300 FOS CEBPB JUN ZFHX2 STAT3 JUND ZBTB48 MAX ZNF189 NCOA6 PIGU MIR499A MYH7B GSS piR-59804-013
GH20J035343 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10 +354.2 354225 2 NRF1 ZIC2 AFF1 MYC CTBP1 TAF9B FOXA2 OSR2 NR2F2 NCOR1 MIR1289-1 CEP250 GDF5 MIR499A lnc-FAM83C-2 lnc-FAM83C-3 UQCC1
GH20J034921 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.5 -67.9 -67904 2.5 TCF12 JUND FOS EP300 TEAD1 SREBF2 FOXA2 DEK CEBPB ZNF316 PIGU GSS MIR499A EDEM2 MMP24OS NCOA6 piR-59804-013 MYH7B ACSS2
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around MIR499A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for MIR499A Gene

Genomic Locations for MIR499A Gene
122 bases
Plus strand
122 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MIR499A Gene

Genes around MIR499A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MIR499A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MIR499A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MIR499A Gene

Proteins for MIR499A Gene

Post-translational modifications for MIR499A Gene

No Post-translational modifications

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MIR499A Gene

Domains & Families for MIR499A Gene

Gene Families for MIR499A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MIR499A: view

No data available for Protein Domains , Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences , Graphical View of Domain Structure and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIR499A Gene

Function for MIR499A Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for MIR499A Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MIR499A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:1903231 mRNA binding involved in posttranscriptional gene silencing IDA 20081117
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIR499A: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MIR499A Gene

Localization for MIR499A Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MIR499A gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 1
nucleus 1

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MIR499A Gene

Pathways & Interactions for MIR499A Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for MIR499A Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MIR499A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0014883 transition between fast and slow fiber ISS --
GO:0035195 gene silencing by miRNA IDA 20081117
GO:0035278 miRNA mediated inhibition of translation IDA 26184978
GO:0043536 positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration IDA 26184978
GO:1904707 positive regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation IDA 26184978
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIR499A: view

No data available for Pathways by source , Interacting Proteins and SIGNOR curated interactions for MIR499A Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MIR499A Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MIR499A Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MIR499A Gene

5 RNACentral transcripts :
1 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
1 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :
3 miRBase transcripts :
5 ENA transcripts :
2 LncBase transcripts :
1 Rfam transcripts :
2 TarBase transcripts :

CRISPR Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MIR499A Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MIR499A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for

Expression for MIR499A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for MIR499A Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MIR499A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pituitary (x5.9).

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for MIR499A

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MIR499A Gene

  • Muscle(2.1)
  • Heart(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MIR499A: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MIR499A Gene

Orthologs for MIR499A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MIR499A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia cfa-mir-499 31
  • 99 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ptr-mir-499 31
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia bta-mir-499 31
  • 98 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mir499 31
  • 91 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia mdo-mir-499 31
  • 87 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia oan-mir-499 31
  • 81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves gga-mir-499 31
  • 69 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia aca-mir-499 31
  • 75 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii FP015790.1 31
  • 71 (a)
CR847953.1 31
  • 71 (a)
dre-mir-499 31
  • 70 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MIR499A was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MIR499A Gene

Gene Tree for MIR499A (if available)
Gene Tree for MIR499A (if available)

Paralogs for MIR499A Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MIR499A Gene

Variants for MIR499A Gene

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for MIR499A Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MIR499A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1055447 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1063673 CNV loss 25217958
nsv3362 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv833962 CNV loss 17160897

Additional Variant Information for MIR499A Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP and Variation tolerance for MIR499A Gene

Disorders for MIR499A Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(16) MalaCards diseases for MIR499A Gene - From: miR2Disease, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
acute myocardial infarction
dilated cardiomyopathy
  • cardiomyopathy, familial idiopathic
lung cancer
  • adenocarcinoma of lung
breast cancer
  • breast cancer, familial
myocardial infarction
  • myocardial infarction, susceptibility to
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for MIR499A

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MIR499A: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MIR499A Gene

Publications for MIR499A Gene

  1. Single nucleotide polymorphism rs3746444 in miR‑499a affects susceptibility to non‑small cell lung carcinoma by regulating the expression of CD200. (PMID: 30864695) Ge N … Li C (International journal of molecular medicine 2019) 3 54
  2. Association study of miR-146a, miR-149, miR-196a2, and miR-499 polymorphisms with venous thromboembolism in a Korean population. (PMID: 30637557) Kim JO … Kim NK (Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis 2019) 3 54
  3. Association of rs2910164 Polymorphism in miRNA-146 and rs3746444 Polymorphism in miRNA-499 with Inflammatory Arthritis: A Meta-Analysis. (PMID: 31223622) Wang D … Pan G (BioMed research international 2019) 3 54
  4. miRNA Polymorphisms and Risk of Cardio-Cerebrovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (PMID: 30642078) Bastami M … Nariman-Saleh-Fam Z (International journal of molecular sciences 2019) 3 54
  5. Association between miR-499 rs3746444 polymorphism and coronary heart disease susceptibility: An evidence-based meta-analysis of 5063 cases and 4603 controls. (PMID: 30802538) Lu JY … Liao PH (Gene 2019) 3 54

Products for MIR499A Gene

Sources for MIR499A Gene