Aliases for MIF Gene
External Ids for MIF Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MIF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIF Gene
This gene encodes a lymphokine involved in cell-mediated immunity, immunoregulation, and inflammation. It plays a role in the regulation of macrophage function in host defense through the suppression of anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids. This lymphokine and the JAB1 protein form a complex in the cytosol near the peripheral plasma membrane, which may indicate an additional role in integrin signaling pathways. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MIF Gene
MIF (Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MIF include Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Juvenile and Systemic Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Among its related pathways are Spinal Cord Injury and PEDF Induced Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and cytokine receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000285762.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MIF Gene
Pro-inflammatory cytokine. Involved in the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. The expression of MIF at sites of inflammation suggests a role as mediator in regulating the function of macrophages in host defense. Counteracts the anti-inflammatory activity of glucocorticoids. Has phenylpyruvate tautomerase and dopachrome tautomerase activity (in vitro), but the physiological substrate is not known. It is not clear whether the tautomerase activity has any physiological relevance, and whether it is important for cytokine activity.
Cytokines are proteinaceous signaling compounds that are major mediators of the immune response. They control many different cellular functions including proliferation, differentiation and cell survival/apoptosis but are also involved in several pathophysiological processes.