Aliases for MGLL Gene
External Ids for MGLL Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MGLL Gene
This gene encodes a serine hydrolase of the AB hydrolase superfamily that catalyzes the conversion of monoacylglycerides to free fatty acids and glycerol. The encoded protein plays a critical role in several physiological processes including pain and nociperception through hydrolysis of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol. Expression of this gene may play a role in cancer tumorigenesis and metastasis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]
GeneCards Summary for MGLL Gene
MGLL (Monoglyceride Lipase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MGLL include Cannabis Dependence and Hallucinogen Dependence. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Glycerophospholipid biosynthesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and lipid binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MGLL Gene
Converts monoacylglycerides to free fatty acids and glycerol (PubMed:19029917, PubMed:20079333, PubMed:21049984, PubMed:22969151, PubMed:24368842). Hydrolyzes the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol, and thereby contributes to the regulation of endocannabinoid signaling, nociperception and perception of pain (PubMed:19029917, PubMed:20079333, PubMed:21049984, PubMed:22969151, PubMed:24368842). Regulates the levels of fatty acids that serve as signaling molecules and promote cancer cell migration, invasion and tumor growth (PubMed:20079333).
Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL, MGL) is a hydrolase that is involved in endocannabinoid and triglyceride hydrolysis. It is the primary enzyme responsible for the metabolism of 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) in the brain, and is also involved in lipid signaling.