Aliases for MGAT5 Gene
- Alpha-1,6-Mannosylglycoprotein 6-Beta-N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase 2 3 5
- Alpha-1,6-Mannosylglycoprotein 6-Beta-N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase A 2 3 4
- GNT-V 2 3 4
- Mannosyl (Alpha-1,6-)-Glycoprotein Beta-1,6-N-Acetyl-Glucosaminyltransferase 2 3
- Alpha-Mannoside Beta-1,6-N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase V 3 4
- Mannoside Acetylglucosaminyltransferase 5 3 4
External Ids for MGAT5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MGAT5 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the glycosyltransferase family. It catalyzes the addition of beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosamine to the alpha-linked mannose of biantennary N-linked oligosaccharides present on the newly synthesized glycoproteins. It is one of the most important enzymes involved in the regulation of the biosynthesis of glycoprotein oligosaccharides. Alterations of the oligosaccharides on cell surface glycoproteins cause significant changes in the adhesive or migratory behavior of a cell. Increase in the activity of this enzyme has been correlated with the progression of invasive malignancies. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
GeneCards Summary for MGAT5 Gene
MGAT5 (Alpha-1,6-Mannosylglycoprotein 6-Beta-N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MGAT5 include Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Colorectal Cancer. Among its related pathways are N-Glycan biosynthesis and Metabolism of proteins. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity and alpha-1,6-mannosylglycoprotein 6-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MGAT5B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MGAT5 Gene
Catalyzes the addition of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) in beta 1-6 linkage to the alpha-linked mannose of biantennary N-linked oligosaccharides (PubMed:10395745, PubMed:30140003). Catalyzes an important step in the biosynthesis of branched, complex-type N-glycans, such as those found on EGFR, TGFR (TGF-beta receptor) and CDH2 (PubMed:10395745, PubMed:22614033, PubMed:30140003). Via its role in the biosynthesis of complex N-glycans, plays an important role in the activation of cellular signaling pathways, reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, cell-cell adhesion and cell migration. MGAT5-dependent EGFR N-glycosylation enhances the interaction between EGFR and LGALS3 and thereby prevents rapid EGFR endocytosis and prolongs EGFR signaling. Required for efficient interaction between TGFB1 and its receptor. Enhances activation of intracellular signaling pathways by several types of growth factors, including FGF2, PDGF, IGF, TGFB1 and EGF. MGAT5-dependent CDH2 N-glycosylation inhibits CDH2-mediated homotypic cell-cell adhesion and contributes to the regulation of downstream signaling pathways. Promotes cell migration. Contributes to the regulation of the inflammatory response. MGAT5-dependent TCR N-glycosylation enhances the interaction between TCR and LGALS3, limits agonist-induced TCR clustering, and thereby dampens TCR-mediated responses to antigens. Required for normal leukocyte evasation and accumulation at sites of inflammation (By similarity). Inhibits attachment of monocytes to the vascular endothelium and subsequent monocyte diapedesis (PubMed:22614033).
[Secreted alpha-1,6-mannosylglycoprotein 6-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase A]: Promotes proliferation of umbilical vein endothelial cells and angiogenesis, at least in part by promoting the release of the growth factor FGF2 from the extracellular matrix.