Aliases for METAP2 Gene
External Ids for METAP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for METAP2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the methionyl aminopeptidase family. The encoded protein functions both by protecting the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 from inhibitory phosphorylation and by removing the amino-terminal methionine residue from nascent proteins. Increased expression of this gene is associated with various forms of cancer, and the anti-cancer drugs fumagillin and ovalicin inhibit the protein by irreversibly binding to its active site. Inhibitors of this gene have also been shown to be effective for the treatment of obesity. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 2. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
GeneCards Summary for METAP2 Gene
METAP2 (Methionyl Aminopeptidase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with METAP2 include Microsporidiosis and Amebiasis. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Metabolism of fat-soluble vitamins. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include aminopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PA2G4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for METAP2 Gene
Cotranslationally removes the N-terminal methionine from nascent proteins. The N-terminal methionine is often cleaved when the second residue in the primary sequence is small and uncharged (Met-Ala-, Cys, Gly, Pro, Ser, Thr, or Val). The catalytic activity of human METAP2 toward Met-Val peptides is consistently two orders of magnitude higher than that of METAP1, suggesting that it is responsible for processing proteins containing N-terminal Met-Val and Met-Thr sequences in vivo.
Protects eukaryotic initiation factor EIF2S1 from translation-inhibiting phosphorylation by inhibitory kinases such as EIF2AK2/PKR and EIF2AK1/HCR. Plays a critical role in the regulation of protein synthesis.