Aliases for MEP1B Gene
External Ids for MEP1B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MEP1B Gene
Meprins are multidomain zinc metalloproteases that are highly expressed in mammalian kidney and intestinal brush border membranes, and in leukocytes and certain cancer cells. They are involved in the hydrolysis of a variety of peptide and protein substrates, and have been implicated in cancer and intestinal inflammation. Mature meprins are oligomers of evolutionarily related, but separately encoded alpha and/or beta subunits. Homooligomers of alpha subunit are secreted, whereas, oligomers containing the beta subunit are plasma membrane-bound. This gene encodes the beta subunit. Targeted disruption of this gene in mice affects embryonic viability, renal gene expression profiles, and distribution of the membrane-associated alpha subunit in kidney and intestine. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
GeneCards Summary for MEP1B Gene
MEP1B (Meprin A Subunit Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA and Collagen chain trimerization. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include metalloendopeptidase activity and metallopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MEP1A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MEP1B Gene
Membrane metallopeptidase that sheds many membrane-bound proteins. Exhibits a strong preference for acidic amino acids at the P1' position. Known substrates include: FGF19, VGFA, IL1B, IL18, procollagen I and III, E-cadherin, KLK7, gastrin, ADAM10, tenascin-C. The presence of several pro-inflammatory cytokine among substrates implicate MEP1B in inflammation. It is also involved in tissue remodeling due to its capability to degrade extracellular matrix components.