Aliases for MEFV Gene
External Ids for MEFV Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MEFV Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MEFV Gene
This gene encodes a protein, also known as pyrin or marenostrin, that is an important modulator of innate immunity. Mutations in this gene are associated with Mediterranean fever, a hereditary periodic fever syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MEFV Gene
MEFV (MEFV Innate Immuity Regulator, Pyrin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MEFV include Familial Mediterranean Fever and Familial Mediterranean Fever, Autosomal Dominant. Among its related pathways are Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include actin binding. An important paralog of this gene is TRIM21.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MEFV Gene
Involved in the regulation of innate immunity and the inflammatory response in response to IFNG/IFN-gamma. Organizes autophagic machinery by serving as a platform for the assembly of ULK1, Beclin 1/BECN1, ATG16L1, and ATG8 family members and recognizes specific autophagy targets, thus coordinating target recognition with assembly of the autophagic apparatus and initiation of autophagy. Acts as an autophagy receptor for the degradation of several inflammasome components, including CASP1, NLRP1 and NLRP3, hence preventing excessive IL1B- and IL18-mediated inflammation (PubMed:16785446, PubMed:17431422, PubMed:26347139). However, it may also have a positive effect in the inflammatory pathway. In different experimental systems, it has been shown to activate IL1B production (PubMed:16037825). It has also been shown to be required for PSTPIP1-induced PYCARD oligomerization and for formation of inflammasomes. Recruits PSTPIP1 to inflammasomes, and is required for PSTPIP1 oligomerization (PubMed:10807793, PubMed:11468188, PubMed:17964261, PubMed:18577712, PubMed:19109554, PubMed:19584923).